On April 9, 1990, the Dene and Métis—both indigenous peoples—concluded negotiations on a land-claims agreement with the Canadian government. It was not ratified and an agreement was not put into effect until 1994. The original agreement would have provided the Dene and Métis with ownership of specified lands, called for joint-management of resources and environmental screening, and outlined financial compensation for past use of the lands. In exchange, the agreement would have extinguished any other Dene and Métis land rights.
 
While the original agreement was never implemented, Canada eventually achieved regional land-claim settlements with Dene and Métis groups. In addition, the Canadian government reached agreements with another indigenous group, the Inuit. As aboriginal peoples continue to assert their land rights in the future, countries will reach more land-claim agreements granting autonomy and land ownership to indigenous groups.
aboriginal
Adjective

native or indigenous.

autonomy
Noun

independence.

compensation
Noun

fee or money paid for goods, services, debt, loss, injury, or suffering.

environment
Noun

conditions that surround and influence an organism or community.

extinguish
Verb

to put an end to or completely do away with.

financial
Adjective

having to do with money.

government
Noun

system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

implement
Verb

to carry out plans.

Adjective

characteristic to or of a specific place.

Inuit
Noun

people and culture native to the Arctic region of Canada, Greenland, and the U.S. state of Alaska.

Metis
Noun

people and culture native to Canada, who trace their ancestry to European and indigenous heritage.

ratify
Verb

to formally approve.

Noun

any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.

resource
Noun

available supply of materials, goods, or services. Resources can be natural or human.

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