Audience versions of this page: FamilyOn April 6, 1909, American explorers Robert Peary and Matthew Henson claimed to reach the North Pole. Peary was supported and funded by the National Geographic Society, which verified his claim. It has been in dispute ever since.Peary never made his navigational records available for review, and other members of the expedition could not verify the route. Skeptics have noted the remarkable speed with which the expedition traveled once Capt. Bob Bartlett, the only other navigator besides Peary, left the crew. Peary reported more than doubling the amount of territory covered daily as soon as Bartlett left the expedition.Nonetheless, many explorers support Peary's claims. National Geographic conducted extensive studies of the photographs Peary took, and concluded they were taken within 8 kilometers (5 miles) of the pole. Depth soundings taken by Peary and Henson also seem to support their claim.Perhaps the most important support for Peary's claim came from British explorer Tom Avery's polar expedition of 2005. Avery mimicked Peary's supposed route, using sled dog teams. The expedition successfully reached the North Pole.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry Arctic Noun
region at Earth's extreme north, encompassed by the Arctic Circle.
Encyclopedic Entry: Arctic claim Verb
to state as the truth.
debate or argument.
people and culture native to the Arctic region of eastern Russia, the U.S. state of Alaska, Canada, and Greenland.
journey with a specific purpose, such as exploration.
person who studies unknown areas.
to copy another organism's appearance or behavior.
National Geographic Society Noun
(1888) organization whose mission is "Inspiring people to care about the planet."
to plan and direct the course of a journey.
North Pole Noun
fixed point that, along with the South Pole, forms the axis on which the Earth spins.
Encyclopedic Entry: North Pole remarkable Adjective
unusual and dramatic.
path or way.
person who doubts the truth or authenticity of something.
measurement of the depth of a body of water in a specific area.
land an animal, human, or government protects from intruders.
to prove as true.