On April 30, 1975, the Vietnam War ended as North Vietnamese troops captured the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon. All Americans remaining in the city were evacuated. Saigon was immediately renamed Ho Chi Minh City, after the late revolutionary leader of Vietnam.

The conflict in Vietnam waged for almost 20 years. North Vietnam wished to unify the country under a single communist regime, while the South wished to remain closely aligned with the West. This civil war served as a proxy battleground for the Cold War, with the U.S. sending troops and equipment to South Vietnam, and the Soviet Union supporting North Vietnam. Known as the longest and most controversial war in U.S. history, the death toll reached more than 3,000,000. More than half of those who died were civilians and 58,000 were Americans. In July 1976, a military government was instituted and the country was unified as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Its capital is Hanoi. 

capture
Verb

to take or control.

city
Noun

large settlement with a high population density.

civilian
Noun

person who is not in the military.

civil war
Noun

conflict between groups in the same country or nation.

Cold War
Noun

(1947-1991) conflict between the Soviet Union (and its allies) and the United States (and its allies). The two sides never confronted each other directly.

conflict
Noun

a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.

controversial
Noun

questionable or leading to argument.

equipment
Noun

tools and materials to perform a task or function.

evacuate
Verb

to leave or remove from a dangerous place.

government
Noun

system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

military
Noun

armed forces.

revolutionary
Adjective

new or innovative.

Soviet Union
Noun

(1922-1991) large northern Eurasian nation that had a communist government. Also called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or the USSR.

troop
Noun

a soldier.

wage
Verb

to carry out.

West
Noun

having to do with the developed nations of Europe and North America.