American involvement in the war in Viet Nam lasted nearly 20 years, from 1956 until 1975. Here, South Vietnamese soldiers, supported by the U.S., slog through the jungles in 1968.
Photograph by W. E. Garrett, National Geographic
On April 30, 1975, the Vietnam War ended as North Vietnamese troops captured the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon. All Americans remaining in the city were evacuated. Saigon was immediately renamed Ho Chi Minh City, after the late revolutionary leader of Vietnam.
The conflict in Vietnam waged for almost 20 years. North Vietnam wished to unify the country under a single communist regime, while the South wished to remain closely aligned with the West. This civil war served as a proxy battleground for the Cold War, with the U.S. sending troops and equipment to South Vietnam, and the Soviet Union supporting North Vietnam. Known as the longest and most controversial war in U.S. history, the death toll reached more than 3,000,000. More than half of those who died were civilians and 58,000 were Americans. In July 1976, a military government was instituted and the country was unified as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Its capital is Hanoi.
to take or control.
large settlement with a high population density.
person who is not in the military.
conflict between groups in the same country or nation.
(1947-1991) conflict between the Soviet Union (and its allies) and the United States (and its allies). The two sides never confronted each other directly.
a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.
questionable or leading to argument.
tools and materials to perform a task or function.
to leave or remove from a dangerous place.
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
new or innovative.
(1922-1991) large northern Eurasian nation that had a communist government. Also called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or the USSR.
to carry out.
having to do with the developed nations of Europe and North America.