• On April 29, 1998, the Brazilian government set aside 25 million hectares (62 million acres) of the Amazon rain forest for conservation. President Fernando Henrique Cardoso promised that, with the help and cooperation of the World Bank and the World Wildlife Fund, Brazil would protect 10 percent of the rain forest. The Amazon rain forest takes up roughly 60 percent of Brazil; the area set aside, about the size of Great Britain, cost between $84 million and $156 million to protect .In addition to making up more than half the landscape of Brazil, the Amazon rain forest also extends to Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, French Guyana, and Guyana. The Amazon rain forest is the world’s richest and most diverse biological area. As a result of Brazil’s growing population and economy, the rain forest shrank during the 20th century. It shrank due to the demand for timber and the need for farmland. During this time, many environmental organizations stepped in to explain the importance of the rain forest, the need for maintaining its lush biodiversity, and the effects of its destruction. 

  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    biodiversity Noun

    all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area.

    Encyclopedic Entry: biodiversity
    conservation Noun

    management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.

    Encyclopedic Entry: conservation
    diverse Adjective

    varied or having many different types.

    economy Noun

    system of production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

    farmland Noun

    area used for agriculture.

    government Noun

    system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

    landscape Noun

    the geographic features of a region.

    Encyclopedic Entry: landscape
    lush Adjective

    abundant and rich.

    rain forest Noun

    area of tall, mostly evergreen trees and a high amount of rainfall.

    Encyclopedic Entry: Rain forest
    timber Noun

    wood in an unfinished form, either trees or logs.

    World Bank Noun

    United Nations organization that loans money to poor and developing nations.