New York City's Central Park is one of the largest urban public spaces in the country. Legendary landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted incorporated wide lawns, twisting trails, wooded areas, and lakes into his innovative design.

Photograph by Anthony Smith, MyShot
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    On April 26, 1822, Fredrick Law Olmsted was born in Hartford, Connecticut. Olmsted is often considered the “father of American landscape architecture,” having designed public spaces all over the country.
    Olmsted’s most famous design is probably New York City’s Central Park, one of the largest urban parks in the country. Central Park displays many of Olmsted’s signature design elements: public “green space” accessible to everyone regardless of income or social class; a variety of landscapes, including trees, lawns, and lakes; and an emphasis on conservation of an area’s natural features.
    In addition to Central Park, Olmsted also designed the oldest state park in the U.S., Niagara Falls State Park in Niagara Falls, New York. His “Emerald Necklace” is a series of parks and waterways ringing the cities of Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts. Olmstead also designed college campuses, such as Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, and Auburn University in Auburn, Alabama. 
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    accessible Adjective

    relatively easy to approach, use, or obtain.

    architecture Noun

    style and design of buildings or open spaces.

    class Noun

    division in society based on income and type of employment.

    college campus Noun

    physical space, including the buildings and classrooms, of a college or university.

    conservation Noun

    management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.

    Encyclopedic Entry: conservation
    consider Verb

    to think about.

    construction Noun

    arrangement of different parts.

    display Verb

    to show or reveal.

    emphasis Noun

    special stress or importance attached to something.

    income Noun

    wages, salary, or amount of money earned.

    landscape Noun

    the geographic features of a region.

    Encyclopedic Entry: landscape
    landscape architect Noun

    person who plans, designs, and oversees the construction of open spaces such as gardens.

    public Adjective

    available to an entire community, not limited to paying members.

    signature Adjective

    unique identifying feature or characteristic.

    waterway Noun

    body of water that serves as a route for transportation.