On April 21, 753 BCE, the “Eternal City” of Rome, Italy, was founded. The real origin of Rome is entangled in legend—according to mythological sources, the city was founded by Romulus and his brother Remus, descendants of the Roman god of war, Mars. The twins were sent off in a basket down the Tiber River, but survived after being nursed by a wolf. Eventually, Romulus and Remus founded Rome on Palatine Hill, the site where they were rescued by this wolf. The date of April 21 was originally set forth in the first century BCE by the Roman scholar Marcus Terentius Varro.
Nicknamed the "Eternal City" more than 1,000 years ago, Rome became the capital of a united Italy in 1870. The city still straddles the Tiber River and comprises seven hills. Rome is a religious destination, center for the arts, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for historical sites such as the Colosseum. In addition to its 2.6 million citizens, the city attracts millions of tourists and travelers each year.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry capital Noun
city where a region's government is located.
Encyclopedic Entry: capital city Noun
large settlement with a high population density.
to tangle or twist together.
one of many spiritual deities or supreme beings.
land that rises above its surroundings and has a rounded summit, usually less than 300 meters (1,000 feet).
Encyclopedic Entry: hill imperial Adjective
having to do with an empire.
explanation of symbols and abbreviations used on a map, also known as a key.
to place or arrange.
person who travels for pleasure.
the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.
Encyclopedic Entry: UNESCO World Heritage Site Noun
location recognized by the United Nations as important to the cultural or natural heritage of humanity.