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On April 21, 1960, Brazilians welcomed a new capital, Brasilia. Brasilia was a planned city, meaning it was specifically developed to be the capital of Brazil. It took architects, engineers, and city planners four years to build Brasilia.
 
Brazil's previous capital, Rio de Janeiro, was a crowded, coastal city. Rio’s design slowed government work because buildings were located far apart from one another and traffic was heavy. Brasilia, on the other hand, is neatly divided into numbered blocks and sections. Different sections were developed for different activities, such as government, banking, or embassies. Brasilia was also constructed in the country’s interior, to spur development there. 
 
Today, in addition to being the legislative center of Brazil, Brasilia is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, recognized for its modernist architecture.
architect
Noun

person who designs buildings or other large structures.

business
Noun

sale of goods and services, or a place where such sales take place.

Noun

city where a region's government is located.

city planner
Noun

person who plans the physical design and zoning of an urban center.

construct
Verb

to build or erect.

development
Noun

construction or preparation of land for housing, industry, or agriculture.

engineer
Noun

person who plans the building of things, such as structures (construction engineer) or substances (chemical engineer).

federal
Adjective

having to do with a nation's government (as opposed to local or regional government).

government
Noun

system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.

legislature
Noun

group of people, usually elected, who make and change laws.

previous
Adjective

earlier, or the one before.

specific
Adjective

exact or precise.

spur
Verb

to encourage or move forward.

traffic
Noun

movement of many things, often vehicles, in a specific area.

Noun

the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.

unique
Adjective

one of a kind.

World Heritage Site
Noun

location recognized by the United Nations as important to the cultural or natural heritage of humanity.

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