On April 20, 1832, President Andrew Jackson signed legislation to create Hot Springs Reservation, Arkansas—now Hot Springs National Park. Although Jackson signed this legislation, Congress failed to pass laws to protect the land and control development on the site. As a result, people continued to settle and start businesses on the land. When the National Park Service was established in 1916, Hot Springs became an official national park, just three days after Yellowstone.Native Americans had been using the natural hot springs for more than a thousand years, for medicinal and relaxation purposes. By the 19th century, the area was nicknamed “The American Spa.” Today, the 369-hectare (911-acre) park consists of 46 hot springs, several bathhouses, and 203 kilometers (26 miles) of hiking and walking trails. The water in the hot springs averages about 62 degrees Celsius (143 degrees Fahrenheit), although the water used for bathing is about 38 degrees Celsius (100 degrees Fahrenheit).
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry establish Verb
to form or officially organize.
to walk a long distance.
hot spring Noun
small flow of water flowing naturally from an underground water source heated by hot or molten rock.
law, legal act, or statute.
national park Noun
geographic area protected by the national government of a country.
Native American Noun
person whose ancestors were native inhabitants of North or South America. Native American usually does not include Eskimo or Hawaiian people.
facility, usually with mineral hot springs, offering health benefits.