On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon, an offshore oil platform in the Gulf of Mexico, exploded. It sank two days later. Eleven people died in the explosion, which triggered an oil spill that, as of April 2014, is the worst environmental disaster in American history.The Deepwater Horizon was a multinational organization. The sophisticated platform was built by a South Korean company, Hyundai Heavy Industries. It was owned by a Switzerland-based company, Transocean, and registered by the Marshall Islands. BP, formerly known as British Petroleum, leased the Deepwater Horizon. The Macondo Prospect, where the platform was drilling, is an oil field in the U.S. sector of the Gulf of Mexico, about 60 kilometers (40 miles) off the Louisiana coast.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry disaster Noun
terrible and damaging event.
to make a hole using a rotating digging tool.
to flow suddenly and forcefully.
structure protecting a harbor or inlet from a larger body of water.
Encyclopedic Entry: jetty lease Verb
to rent, or buy for use during a specific time period.
multinational organization Noun
groups of nations concerned with a political, economic, or environmental cause.
natural gas Noun
type of fossil fuel made up mostly of the gas methane.
Encyclopedic Entry: natural gas offshore Adjective
having to do with facilities or resources located underwater, usually miles from the coast.
fossil fuel formed from the remains of marine plants and animals. Also known as petroleum or crude oil.
oil barrel Noun
unit of measurement for oil and other petroleum products in the United States equal to 159 liters or 42 gallons. Abbreviated bbl.
oil field Noun
region with a large number of oil wells or other extractive technologies.
oil platform Noun
large, elevated structure with facilities to extract and process oil and natural gas from undersea locations.
oil spill Noun
accidental release of petroleum products into a body of water, either by an oil tanker or an offshore oil rig.
surface layer of the bottom of the ocean.
knowledgeable or complex.
surge noun, verb
sudden, strong movement forward.