On April 17, 1895, the Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed by China and Japan, putting an end to the First Sino-Japanese War. The agreement stated that China would relinquish any hold it had on Korea and give up Taiwan, the nearby islands of P’eng Ch’untao, and the eastern portion of Liaodong Peninsula (near the Korean Peninsula) to Japan. China also had to pay reparations, or a fee for war damages, to Japan.
 
The First Sino-Japanese War was instigated by Japan’s growing interest in Korea, a country then heavily influenced by China. The interest sprang from Korea’s natural resources of coal and iron, which Japan demanded be open for trade. After the Treaty of Shimonoseki, China was forced to recognize Korea as an independent nation.
Noun

dark, solid fossil fuel mined from the earth.

independent
Adjective

free from influence, threat, or support.

influence
Verb

to encourage or persuade a person or organization to act a certain way.

iron
Noun

chemical element with the symbol Fe.

Noun

political unit made of people who share a common territory.

natural resource
Noun

a material that humans take from the natural environment to survive, to satisfy their needs, or to trade with others.

recognize
Verb

to identify or acknowledge.

trade
Noun

buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.

treaty
Noun

official agreement between groups of people.

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