On April 17, 1895, the Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed by China and Japan, putting an end to the First Sino-Japanese War. The agreement stated that China would relinquish any hold it had on Korea and give up Taiwan, the nearby islands of P’eng Ch’untao, and the eastern portion of Liaodong Peninsula (near the Korean Peninsula) to Japan. China also had to pay reparations, or a fee for war damages, to Japan.The First Sino-Japanese War was instigated by Japan’s growing interest in Korea, a country then heavily influenced by China. The interest sprang from Korea’s natural resources of coal and iron, which Japan demanded be open for trade. After the Treaty of Shimonoseki, China was forced to recognize Korea as an independent nation.
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry coal Noun
dark, solid fossil fuel mined from the earth.
free from influence, threat, or support.
to encourage or persuade a person or organization to act a certain way.
chemical element with the symbol Fe.
political unit made of people who share a common territory.
Encyclopedic Entry: nation natural resource Noun
a material that humans take from the natural environment to survive, to satisfy their needs, or to trade with others.
to identify or acknowledge.
buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.
official agreement between groups of people.