The first Sino-Japanese War, named after its principal antagonists (China and Japan) was actually fought over the Korean Peninsula.

Map by National Geographic
  • On April 17, 1895, the Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed by China and Japan, putting an end to the First Sino-Japanese War. The agreement stated that China would relinquish any hold it had on Korea and give up Taiwan, the nearby islands of P’eng Ch’untao, and the eastern portion of Liaodong Peninsula (near the Korean Peninsula) to Japan. China also had to pay reparations, or a fee for war damages, to Japan.
    The First Sino-Japanese War was instigated by Japan’s growing interest in Korea, a country then heavily influenced by China. The interest sprang from Korea’s natural resources of coal and iron, which Japan demanded be open for trade. After the Treaty of Shimonoseki, China was forced to recognize Korea as an independent nation.
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    coal Noun

    dark, solid fossil fuel mined from the earth.

    independent Adjective

    free from influence, threat, or support.

    influence Verb

    to encourage or persuade a person or organization to act a certain way.

    iron Noun

    chemical element with the symbol Fe.

    nation Noun

    political unit made of people who share a common territory.

    Encyclopedic Entry: nation
    natural resource Noun

    a material that humans take from the natural environment to survive, to satisfy their needs, or to trade with others.

    recognize Verb

    to identify or acknowledge.

    trade Noun

    buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.

    treaty Noun

    official agreement between groups of people.