On April 13, 2005, the National Geographic Society launched the Genographic Project. Founded by National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Spencer Wells, the Genographic Project is a nonprofit research project aimed at answering questions about human population and migration. Where did we come from? Who did we come from? How did we get where we are? Who are we?
 
Anyone in the world can participate in the Genographic Project—one of its major components is gathering DNA samples from indigenous and traditional peoples as well as the general public. Using the DNA from a simple cheek swab and a complex computer analysis, the Genographic Project is able to create the world’s largest migration map, showing how humans populated the planet.
 
The result of this project is a global database of genetic and anthropological data, as well as a resource for scientific research communities. 
Noun

science of the origin, development, and culture of human beings.

component
Noun

part.

database
Noun

a collection of information for analysis and interpretation.

DNA
Noun

(deoxyribonucleic acid) molecule in every living organism that contains specific genetic information on that organism.

Explorer-in-Residence
Noun

pre-eminent explorers and scientists collaborating with the National Geographic Society to make groundbreaking discoveries that generate critical scientific information, conservation-related initiatives and compelling stories.

genetic
Adjective

having to do with genes, inherited characteristics or heredity.

Genographic Project
Noun

National Geographic project that uses genealogy to trace the migratory history of the human species.

Adjective

characteristic to or of a specific place.

Noun

movement of a group of people or animals from one place to another.

National Geographic Society
Noun

(1888) organization whose mission is "Inspiring people to care about the planet."

nonprofit organization
Noun

business that uses surplus funds to pursue its goals, not to make money.

public
Noun

people of a community.

research
Noun

scientific observations and investigation into a subject, usually following the scientific method: observation, hypothesis, prediction, experimentation, analysis, and conclusion.