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On April 10, 1866, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) was founded in New York City. The ASPCA was modeled on the (British) Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, established in 1824.
 
Among the primary concerns of the ASPCA were cockfighting and inhumane treatment of cattle and hogs in slaughterhouses. These remain concerns of the organization, but today it is more associated with improving the health and welfare of pets.
 
Through the work of the ASPCA, pet owners have reliable resources such as a poison-control hotline, access to veterinarians, and even support for those who have lost a pet.
abuse
Verb

to treat wrongly, or in a harmful way.

cattle
Noun

cows and oxen.

cruel
Adjective

having to do with causing pain and suffering in others.

health care
Noun

system for addressing the physical health of a population.

humane
Adjective

kind or gentle.

natural disaster
Noun

an event occurring naturally that has large-scale effects on the environment and people, such as a volcano, earthquake, or hurricane.

neglect
Noun

failure to pay attention.

poison
Noun

substance that harms health.

primary
Adjective

first or most important.

protect
Verb

to take action to prevent injury or attack.

slaughterhouse
Noun

building or series of buildings where animals are taken to be killed and butchered.

veterinarian
Noun

person who studies the health of animals.

welfare
Noun

health or well-being.

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