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Showing results 1 - 25 of 109
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Drivers of fishing at the household scale in Fiji

Dacks R, Ticktin T, Jupiter S, Friedlander A

"ABSTRACT Coral reefs sustain millions of people worldwide, yet in recent years, social, environmental, and climate change have caused major declines in coral reef fisheries. Small-scale coral reef fisheries research has largely focused on community...

Ecology And Society
Published: Tuesday, August 21, 2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

The economics of fishing the high seas

Sala E, Mayorga J, Costello C, Kroodsma D, Palomares Maria, Pauly D, Sumaila UR, Zeller D

"ABSTRACT While the ecological impacts of fishing the waters beyond national jurisdiction (the “high seas”) have been widely studied, the economic rationale is more difficult to ascertain because of scarce data on the costs and revenues of the fleet...

Science Advances
Published: Wednesday, June 6, 2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Addressing Criticisms of Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas

O'Leary B, Ban N, Fernandez M, Friedlander A, Garcia-Borboroglu P, Golbuu Y, Guidetti P, Harris J, Hawkins J, Langlois T, McCauley D, Pikitch E, Richmond R, Roberts C

"ABSTRACT Designated large-scale marine protected areas (LSMPAs, 100,000 or more square kilometers) constitute over two-thirds of the approximately 6.6% of the ocean and approximately 14.5% of the exclusive economic zones within marine protected are...

Bioscience
Published: Tuesday, May 1, 2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

First quantification of subtidal community structure at Tristan da Cunha Islands in the remote South Atlantic: From kelp forests to the deep sea

Caselle J, Hamilton S, Davis K, Thompson C, Turchik A, Jenkinson R, Simpson D, Sala E

"ABSTRACT Tristan da Cunha Islands, an archipelago of four rocky volcanic islands situated in the South Atlantic Ocean and part of the United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), present a rare example of a relatively unimpacted temperate marine ec...

Plos One
Published: Thursday, March 29, 2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

A linked land-sea modeling framework to inform ridge-to-reef management in high oceanic islands

Jade M. S. Delevaux, Robert Whittier, Kostantinos A. Stamoulis, Leah L. Bremer, Stacy Jupiter, Alan M. Friedlander, Matthew Poti, Greg Guannel, Natalie Kurashima, Kawika B. Winter, Robert Toonen, Eric Conklin, Chad Wiggins, Anders Knudby, Whitney Goodell, Kimberly Burnett, Susan Yee, Hla Htun, Kirsten L. L. Oleson, Tracy Wiegner, Tamara Ticktin

"ABSTRACT Declining natural resources have led to a cultural renaissance across the Pacific that seeks to revive customary ridge-to-reef management approaches to protect freshwater and restore abundant coral reef fisheries. Effective ridge-to-reef m...

Plos One
Published: Wednesday, March 14, 2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Advancing the integration of spatial data to map human and natural drivers on coral reefs

Wedding L, Lecky J, Gove J, Walecka H, Donovan M, Williams G, Jouffray JB, Crowder L, Erickson A, Falinski K, Friedlander A, Kappel C, Kittinger J, McCoy K, Norstrom A, Nystrom M, Oleson K, Stamoulis K, White C, Selkoe K

"ABSTRACT A major challenge for coral reef conservation and management is understanding how a wide range of interacting human and natural drivers cumulatively impact and shape these ecosystems. Despite the importance of understanding these interacti...

Plos One
Published: Thursday, March 1, 2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effects of herbivores, wave exposure and depth on benthic coral communities of the Easter Island ecoregion

Easton E, Gaymer C, Friedlander A, Herlan J

"ABSTRACT The Easter Island ecoregion includes Rapa Nui (Easter Island; RN), with a human population of ~5600, and the uninhabited Salas y Gómez (SyG). Although the culture and terrestrial ecology of RN have been well studied, we know little about t...

Aquatic Conservation: Marine And Freshwater Ecosystems
Published: Tuesday, February 27, 2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Tracking the global footprint of fisheries

Kroodsma D, Mayorga J, Hochberg T, Miller N, Boerder K, Ferretti F, Wilson A, Bergman B, White T, Block B, Woods P, Sullivan B, Costello C, Worm B

"ABSTRACT Although fishing is one of the most widespread activities by which humans harvest natural resources, its global footprint is poorly understood and has never been directly quantified. We processed 22 billion automatic identification system ...

Science Magazine
Published: Friday, February 23, 2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Assessing real progress towards effective ocean protection

Sala E, Lubchenco J, Grorud-Colvert K, Novelli C, Roberts C, Sumaila UR

"ABSTRACT The United Nations’ target for global ocean protection is 10% of the ocean in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) by 2020. There has been remarkable progress in the last decade, and some organizations claim that 7% of the ocean is already protec...

Marine Policy
Published: Friday, February 16, 2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Marine biodiversity at the end of the world: Cape Horn and Diego Ramirez Islands

Alan M. Friedlander, Enric Ballesteros, Tom W. Bell, Jonatha Giddens, Brad Henning, Mathias Hüne, Alex Muñoz, Pelayo Salinas-de-León, Enric Sala

"ABSTRACT The vast and complex coast of the Magellan Region of extreme southern Chile possesses a diversity of habitats including fjords, deep channels, and extensive kelp forests, with a unique mix of temperate and sub-Antarctic species. The Cape H...

Plos One
Published: Wednesday, January 24, 2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Juvenile fish assemblages in temperate rocky reefs are shaped by the presence of macro-algae canopy and its three-dimensional structure

Cheminee A, Pastor J, Bianchimani O, Thiriet P, Sala E, Cottalorda JM, Dominici JM, Lejeune P, Francour P

"ABSTRACT Arborescent macro-algae forests covering temperate rocky reefs are a known habitat for juvenile fishes. However, in the Mediterranean, these forests are undergoing severe transformations due to pressures from global change. In our study, j...

Scientific Reports
Published: Tuesday, November 7, 2017

RESEARCH ARTICLE

No-take marine reserves are the most effective protected areas in the ocean

Sala E, Giakoumi S

Ices Journal Of Marine Science
Published: Thursday, August 31, 2017

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ecological effects of full and partial protection in the crowded Mediterranean Sea: a regional meta-analysis

Giakoumi S, Scianna C, Plass-Johnson J, Micheli F, Grorud-Colvert K, Thiriet P, Claudet J, Di Carlo G, Di Franco A, Gaines S, Garcia-Charton J, Lubchenco J, Reimer J, Sala E, Guidetti P

"ABSTRACT Marine protected areas (MPAs) are a cornerstone of marine conservation. Globally, the number and coverage of MPAs are increasing, but MPA implementation lags in many human-dominated regions. In areas with intense competition for space and...

Scientific Reports
Published: Monday, August 21, 2017

SCIENTIFIC REPORT

Archipiélago de Juan Fernández: Biodiversidad marina y necesidades de conservación

Friedlander AM, Ballesteros E, Berkenpas E, Betz J, Giddens J, Gorny 5, Hinojosa I, Mayorga J, Muñoz A, Salinas-de-León P, Sala E

Juan Fernández es un ejemplo de sostenibilidad pesquera tras 120 años de pesca responsable y rentable de langosta. Hoy la comunidad de Juan Fernández está dispuesta a ampliar ese liderazgo y convertirse en referente a...

Published: Tuesday, August 1, 2017

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SCIENTIFIC REPORT

Ecosystem Assessment of the Tristan da Cunha Islands

Caselle JE, Hamilton SL, Davis K, Bester M, Wege M, Thompson C, Turchik A, Jenkinson R, Simpson D, Mayorga J, Rose P, Fay M, Myers D, Glass J, Glass T, Green R, Repetto J, Swain G, Herian K, Lavarello I, Hall J, Schofield A, Dews S, McAloney D, and Sala E

Tristan da Cunha is a remote group of islands in the South Atlantic, situated approximately 2,700km from South Africa and 3,700km from the nearest shores of South America. The northern island group is composed of Tr...

Published: Saturday, July 1, 2017

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SCIENTIFIC REPORT

Cabo de Hornos y Diego Ramírez: Biodiversidad y propuesta de conservación

Salinas-de-León P, Friedlander A, Ballesteros E, Henning B, Hune M, Sala E

Chile se ha convertido en un líder mundial en conservación al crear los dos parques marinos más grandes de América alrededor de islas oceánicas. Hoy el desafío es ampliar ese liderazgo para cubrir de manera representativa otros ecosistemas de Chile. ...

Published: Saturday, July 1, 2017

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Size, age, and habitat determine effectiveness of Palaus marine protected areas

Alan M. Friedlander, Yimnang Golbuu, Enric Ballesteros, Jennifer E. Caselle, Marine Gouezo, Dawnette Olsudong, Enric Sala

ABSTRACT Palau has a rich heritage of conservation that has evolved from the traditional moratoria on fishing, or bul, to more western Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), while still retaining elements of customary management and tenure. In 2003, the Pal...

Plos One
Published: Thursday, March 30, 2017

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Coral reef grazer-benthos dynamics complicated by invasive algae in a small marine reserve

Kostantinos A. Stamoulis, Alan M. Friedlander, Carl G. Meyer, Iria Fernandez-Silva

ABSTRACT Blooms of alien invasive marine algae have become common, greatly altering the health and stability of nearshore marine ecosystems. Concurrently, herbivorous fishes have been severely overfished in many locations worldwide, contributing to ...

Scientific Reports
Published: Thursday, March 9, 2017

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Re-shifting the ecological baseline for the overexploited Mediterranean red coral

Garrabou J, Sala E, Ledoux J, Montero-Serra I, Dominici J, Kipson, S, Teixido N, Cebrian E, Kersting D, Harmelin J

"ABSTRACT Overexploitation leads to the ecological extinction of many oceanic species. The depletion of historical abundances of large animals, such as whales and sea turtles, is well known. However, the magnitude of the historical overfishing of ex...

Scientific Reports
Published: Wednesday, February 15, 2017

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Participatory fishery monitoring is successful for understanding the reproductive biology needed for local fisheries management

Schemmel E, Friedlander A

ABSTRACT Tropical fisheries management should rely on reproductive biology to inform management regulations; however, this information is often lacking and can be highly variable over in space and time. It is unfeasible for many fisheries, especiall...

Environmental Biology Of Fishes
Published: Saturday, December 17, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Unexpected high vulnerability of functions in wilderness areas: evidence from coral reef fishes

Stphanie D'agata, Laurent Vigliola, Nicholas A. J. Graham, Laurent Wantiez, Valeriano Parravicini, Sbastien Villger, Gerard Mou-Tham, Philippe Frolla, Alan M. Friedlander, Michel Kulbicki, David Mouillot

ABSTRACT High species richness is thought to support the delivery of multiple ecosystem functions and services under changing environments. Yet, some species might perform unique functional roles while others are redundant. Thus, the benefits of hig...

Proceedings Of The Royal Society Of Biology
Published: Wednesday, December 7, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

The codevelopment of coastal fisheriesmonitoring methods to support local management.

Schemmel E, Friedlander AM, Andrade P, Keakealani K, Castro LM, Wiggins C, Wilcox BA, Yasutake Y, Kittinger JN.

ABSTRACT Small-scale fisheries across the globe provide critical food security, livelihoods, and human well-being, but are threatened by a combination of local and global stressors, including overexploitation, pollution, and climate change. Particip...

Ecology And Society
Published: Thursday, November 24, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Movement patterns of reef predators in a small isolated Marine Protected Area with implications for resource management

Alexander Filous, Alan Friedlander, Barrett Wolfe, Kostantinos Stamoulis, Stephen Scherrer, Adam Wong, Kristy Stone, Russell Sparks

ABSTRACT Reef predators play a critical role in maintaining the balance of marine ecosystems and are an important component of Hawaiis recreational and commercial fisheries. In response to the increasing anthropogenic demands on these populations ac...

Marine Biology
Published: Tuesday, November 22, 2016

RESEARCH ARTICLE

So long and thanks for all the fish: overexploitation of the regionally endemic Galapagos Grouper Mycteroperca olfax (Jenyns, 1840)

Paolo Usseglio, Alan M. Friedlander, Haruko Koike, Johanna Zimmerhackel, Anna Schuhbauer, Tyler Eddy, Pelayo Salinas-de-Le_n

ABSTRACT The regionally endemic Galapagos Grouper, locally known as bacalao, is one of the most highly prized finfish species within the Galapagos Marine Reserve (GMR). Concerns of overfishing, coupled with a lack of fishing regulations aimed at thi...

Plos One
Published: Tuesday, October 25, 2016

SCIENTIFIC REPORT

Exploring the Marine Ecosystems of Niue Island and Beveridge Reef

Friedlander AM, Arribas J, Ballesteros E, Betz J, Bosserelle P, Brown E, Caselle JE, Cramp JE, Gataua L, Helagi N, Mayorga J, McAloney D, Myers D, Pasisi B, Richmond’Rex A, Rose P, Salinas-de-León P, San Félix M, Thompson C, Turchik A, Sala E

National Geographic Pristine Seas, in collaboration with the government of Niue, Oceans 5, and the Pacific Community, conducted an 18-day expedition to Niue in October 2016 to perform comprehensive quantitative surveys ...

Published: Saturday, October 1, 2016

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