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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Influences of wind-wave exposure on the distribution and density of recruit reef fishes at Kure and Pearl & Hermes atolls, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

Edward E. DeMartini, Brian J. Zgliczynski, Raymond C. Boland, Alan M. Friedlander

ABSTRACT This paper describes the results of a field survey designed to test the prediction that the density of benthic juveniles of shallow-reef fishes is greater on wind-wave exposed sectors of a pair of isolated oceanic atolls (Kure, Pearl and He...

Environmental Biology Of Fishes
Published: Saturday, July 25, 2009

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Recent region-wide declines in Caribbean reef fish abundance

Paddack MJ1, Reynolds JD, Aguilar C, Appeldoorn RS, Beets J, Burkett EW, Chittaro PM, Clarke K, Esteves R, Fonseca AC, Forrester GE, Friedlander AM, Garc_a-Sais J, Gonzlez-Sans_n G, Jordan LK, McClellan DB, Miller MW, Molloy PP, Mumby PJ, Nagelkerken I, Nemeth M, Navas-Camacho R, Pitt J, Polunin NV, Reyes-Nivia MC, Robertson DR, Rodr_guez-Ram_rez A, Salas E, Smith SR, Spieler RE, Steele MA, Williams ID, Wormald CL, Watkinson AR, Ct IM.

ABSTRACT Profound ecological changes are occurring on coral reefs throughout the tropics, with marked coral cover losses and concomitant algal increases, particularly in the Caribbean region. Historical declines in the abundance of large Caribbean r...

Current Biology
Published: Tuesday, April 14, 2009

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Scale dependent effects of habitat on movements and foraging strategies of blacktip reef sharks, Carcharhinus melanopterus, at Palmyra atoll: a predator dominated ecosystem

Papastamatiou YP1, Lowe CG, Caselle JE, Friedlander AM.

ABSTRACT The effects of habitat on the ecology, movements, and foraging strategies of marine apex predators are largely unknown. We used acoustic telemetry to quantify the movement patterns of blacktip reef sharks (Carcharhinus melanopterus) at Palm...

Ecology
Published: Wednesday, April 1, 2009

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Using bathymetric LIDAR data to measure benthic habitat complexity associated with coral reef fishes

Wedding LM, Friedlander AM, McGranaghan M, Yost R, Monaco ME

ABSTRACT Habitat complexity plays a major role in determining the distribution and structure of fish assemblages in the aquatic environment. These locations are critical for ecosystem function and have significant implications for conservation and m...

Remote Sensing Of Environment
Published: Saturday, November 1, 2008

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Determining the influence of seascape structure on coral reef fishes in Hawaii using a geospatial approach

Wedding LM and Friedlander AM

ABSTRACT We assessed the utility of several LIDAR-derived seascape metrics (e.g. depth, rugosity, slope, variance in depth) to determine which measures of the seascape demonstrated important relationships with fish assemblage structure and would ult...

Marine Geodesy
Published: Thursday, September 4, 2008

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Assessing the relative importance of fishing impacts on Hawaiian coral reef fish assemblages along regional-scale human population gradients

I. D. WILLIAMS, W. J. WALSH, R. E. SCHROEDER, A. M. FRIEDLANDER, B. L. RICHARDS and K. A. STAMOULIS

ABSTRACT Humans can impact coral reef fishes directly by fishing, or indirectly through anthropogenic degradation of habitat. Uncertainty about the relative importance of those can make it difficult to develop and build consensus for appropriate rem...

Environmental Conservation
Published: Friday, August 29, 2008

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Differences in fish-assemblage structure between fished and unfished atolls in the northern Line Islands, central Pacific

DeMartini, EE, Friedlander AM, Sandin SA, Sala E

ABSTRACT We describe the abundance, biomass, size composition, and trophic structure of fish assemblages of shallow (10 m depth) fore reef habitats at 2 US Pacific atolls (Kingman, Palmyra) and 2 Kiribati-owned atolls (Tabuaeran, Kiritimati) in the ...

Marine Ecology Progress Series
Published: Friday, August 1, 2008

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the northern Line Islands

Stuart A. Sandin, Jennifer E. Smith, Edward E. DeMartini, Elizabeth A. Dinsdale, Simon D. Donner, Alan M. Friedlander, Talina Konotchick, Machel Malay, James E. Maragos, David Obura, Olga Pantos, Gustav Paulay, Morgan Richie, Forest Rohwer, Robert E. Schroeder, Sheila Walsh, Jeremy B. C. Jackson, Nancy Knowlton, Enric Sala

ABSTRACT Effective conservation requires rigorous baselines of pristine conditions to assess the impacts of human activities and to evaluate the efficacy of management. Most coral reefs are moderately to severely degraded by local human activities s...

Plos One
Published: Wednesday, February 27, 2008

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Microbial ecology of four coral atolls in the Northern Line Islands

Elizabeth A. Dinsdale, Olga Pantos, Steven Smriga, Robert A. Edwards, Florent Angly, Linda Wegley, Mark Hatay, Dana Hall, Elysa Brown, Matthew Haynes, Lutz Krause, Enric Sala, Stuart A. Sandin, Rebecca Vega Thurber, Bette L. Willis, Farooq Azam, Nancy Knowlton, Forest Rohwer

ABSTRACT Microbes are key players in both healthy and degraded coral reefs. A combination of metagenomics, microscopy, culturing, and water chemistry were used to characterize microbial communities on four coral atolls in the Northern Line Islands, ...

Plos One
Published: Wednesday, February 27, 2008

RESEARCH ARTICLE

The coupling of St. John, US Virgin Islands marine protected areas based on reef fish habitat affinities and movements across management boundaries

Monaco, M.E., A. Friedlander, S.D. Hile, S.J. Pittman and R.H. Boulon

ABSTRACT NOAAs Biogeography Branch, National Park Service (NPS), US Geological Survey, and the University of the Virgin Islands (UVI) are using acoustic telemetry to quantify spatial patterns and habitat affinities of reef fishes. The objective of t...

Proceedings Of The 11Th International Coral Reef Symposium
Published: Friday, June 30, 1905

SCIENTIFIC REPORT

US Coral Reefs in the Line and Phoenix Islands, Central Pacific Ocean. 1: History, Geology, Oceanography, and Biology

James Maragos, Joyce Miller, Jamison Gove, Edward De Martini, Alan M. Friedlander, Scott Godwin, Craig Musburger, Molly Timmers, Roy Tsuda, Peter Vroom, Elizabeth Flint, Emily Lundblad, Jonathan Weiss, Paula Ayotte, Enric Sala, Stuart Sandin, Sarah McTee, Todd Wass, Daria Siciliano, Russell Brainard, David Obura, Scott Ferguson, Bruce Mundy

ABSTRACT Pacific remote island areas (PRIA) are sovereign United States unincorporated and unorganized territories not falling within the jurisdiction of any other US territory or State (GAO 1997; US DOI 2003). There are eight PRIA and all are under...

Coral Reefs Of The World
Published: Friday, June 30, 1905

SCIENTIFIC REPORT

US Coral Reefs in the Line and Phoenix Islands , Central Pacific Ocean : Status, Threats and Significance

James Maragos, Joyce Miller, Jamison Gove, Edward De Martini, Alan M. Friedlander, Scott Godwin, Craig Musburger, Molly Timmers, Roy Tsuda, Peter Vroom, Elizabeth Flint, Emily Lundblad, Jonathan Weiss, Paula Ayotte, Enric Sala, Stuart Sandin, Sarah McTee, Todd Wass, Daria Siciliano, Russell Brainard, David Obura, Scott Ferguson, Bruce Mundy

ABSTRACT Pacific remote island areas (PRIA) are sovereign United States unincorporated and unorganized territories not falling within the jurisdiction of any other US territory or State (GAO 1997; US DOI 2003). There are eight PRIA and all are under...

Coral Reefs Of The World
Published: Friday, June 30, 1905

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