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SCIENTIFIC REPORT

Marine Biodiversity and Protected Areas in Palau: Scientific report to the government of the Republic of Palau

Friedlander AM, Golbuu Y, Caselle JE, Ballesteros E, Letessler TB, Meeuwig JJ, Gouezo M, Olsudong D, Turchik A, Sala E

The Republic of Palau has committed to the creation of a new National Marine Sanctuary, which would include a very large no-take marine reserve and a strictly regulated local fishery. National Geographic’s Pristine Seas partnered with the Palau I...

Published: Friday, May 1, 2015

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SCIENTIFIC REPORT

Marine Biodiversity and Protected Areas in Palau: Scientific report to the government of the Republic of Palau

Friedlander AM, Golbuu Y, Caselle JE, Ballesteros E, Letessler TB, Meeuwig JJ, Gouezo M, Olsudong D, Turchik A, Sala E

The Republic of Palau has committed to the creation of a new National Marine Sanctuary, which would include a very large no-take marine reserve and a strictly regulated local fishery. National Geographics Pristine Seas partnered with the Palau In...

Published: Friday, May 1, 2015

RESEARCH ARTICLE

First Records of Striped Boarfish Evistias acutirostris and Ornate Butterflyfish Chaetodon ornatissimus from Easter Island

Hernndez S, Garc_a M, Gaymer CF, Friedlander AM

ABSTRACT Here we report on two new reef fish species from the remote and isolated Easter Islandthe striped boarfish Evistias acutirostris and the ornate butterflyfish Chaetodon ornatissimus were observed during scuba dives and underwater video aroun...

Pacific Science
Published: Friday, April 24, 2015

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Recovery potential of the worlds coral reef fishes


ABSTRACT Continuing degradation of coral reef ecosystems has generated substantial interest in how management can support reef resilience1, 2. Fishing is the primary source of diminished reef function globally3, 4, 5, leading to widespread calls for...

Nature
Published: Friday, February 27, 2015

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Arctic warming: nonlinear impacts of seaice and glacier melt on seabird foraging

David Grmillet, Jrme Fort, Franoise Amlineau, Elena Zakharova, Tangi Le Bot, Enric Sala, Maria Gavrilo

ABSTRACT Arctic climate change has profound impacts on the cryosphere, notably via shrinking sea-ice cover and retreating glaciers, and it is essential to evaluate and forecast the ecological consequences of such changes. We studied zooplankton-feed...

Global Change Biology
Published: Monday, January 12, 2015

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Franz Josef Land: extreme northern outpost for Arctic fishes

Natalia V. Chernova1, Alan M. Friedlander2, 3, Alan Turchik2, Enric Sala2

ABSTRACT The remote Franz Josef Land (FJL) Archipelago is the most northerly land in Eurasia and its fish fauna, particularly in nearshore habitats, has been poorly studied. An interdisciplinary expedition to FJL in summer 2013 used scuba, seines, a...

Peerj
Published: Thursday, December 11, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Winners and losers in a world where the high seas is closed to fishing

U. Rashid Sumaila, Vicky W. Y. Lam, Dana D. Miller, Louise Teh, Reg A. Watson, Dirk Zeller, William W. L. Cheung, Isabelle M. Ct, Alex D. Rogers, Callum Roberts, Enric Sala & Daniel Pauly

ABSTRACT Fishing takes place in the high seas and Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) of maritime countries. Closing the former to fishing has recently been proposed in the literature and is currently an issue of debate in various international fora. We...

Nature - Scientific Reports
Published: Thursday, November 6, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Understanding the scale of marine protection in Hawaii: from community-based management to the remote northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument

Friedlander AM, Stamoulis KA, Kittinger JN, Drazen J, Tissot BN

ABSTRACT Ancient Hawaiians developed a sophisticated natural resource management system that included various forms of spatial management. Today there exists in Hawai'i a variety of spatial marine management strategies along a range of scales, with ...

Advances In Marine Biology
Published: Wednesday, October 1, 2014

SCIENTIFIC REPORT

Pristine Mer de Corail: Les recifs eliognes de nouvelle-caledonie

Vigliola L, Wantiez L, Kulbicki M, Ballesteros E, Brown E, D’Agatha S, Friedlander A, Gossuin H, Juhel JB, Mouillot D, Sala E

Ce rapport scientifique présente un état des lieux des récifs éloignés de la Nouvelle-Calédonie mais aussi des récifs de l’ensemble des communes du pays, y compris en zones protégées. Une comparaison avec les récifs ...

Published: Monday, September 1, 2014

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Marine protected area networks: assessing whether the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.

Grorud-Colvert K, Claudet J, Tissot BN, Caselle JE, Carr MH, Day JC, Friedlander AM, Lester SE, de Loma TL, Malone D, Walsh WJ

ABSTRACT Anthropogenic impacts are increasingly affecting the world's oceans. Networks of marine protected areas (MPAs) provide an option for increasing the ecological and economic benefits often provided by single MPAs. It is vital to empirically a...

Plos One
Published: Friday, August 1, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Marine Communities on Oil Platforms in Gabon, West Africa: High Biodiversity Oases in a Low Biodiversity Environment

Friedlander AM, Ballesteros E, Fay M, Sala E.

ABSTRACT The marine biodiversity of Gabon, West Africa has not been well studied and is largely unknown. Our examination of marine communities associated with oil platforms in Gabon is the first scientific investigation of these structures and highl...

Plos One
Published: Friday, August 1, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Global mismatch between species richness and vulnerability of reef fish assemblages

Parravicini V; Villger S, McClanahan T, Arias Gonzalez J, Bellwood D, Belmaker J, Chabanet P, Floeter S, Friedlander A, Guilhaumon F, Vigliola L, Kulbicki M, Mouillot D

ABSTRACT The impact of anthropogenic activity on ecosystems has highlighted the need to move beyond the biogeographical delineation of species richness patterns to understanding the vulnerability of species assemblages, including the functional comp...

Ecology Letters
Published: Tuesday, July 1, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Summary of South American records of the smalltooth sand tiger shark Odontaspis ferox (Chondrichthyes: Odontaspidae), with the first record from Chilean waters

Long DJ, Sala E, Ballesteros E, Caselle JE, Friedlander AM, Klapfer A, Blum S, Constable HB

ABSTRACT Observations, photographs, and video footage of a 337 cm total length female smalltooth sand tiger shark, Odontaspis ferox made at a depth of 348 m on the northern slope of San Ambrosio Island in the Desventuradas Islands (26819.456_S 79852...

Marine Biodiversity Records
Published: Tuesday, July 1, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

The Real Bounty: Marine Biodiversity in the Pitcairn Islands.

Friedlander AM, Caselle JE, Ballesteros E, Brown EK, Turchik A, Sala E.

ABSTRACT In 2012 we conducted an integrated ecological assessment of the marine environment of the Pitcairn Islands, which are four of the most remote islands in the world. The islands and atolls (Ducie, Henderson, Oeno, and Pitcairn) are situated i...

Plos One
Published: Wednesday, June 25, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Scaling metabolism from individuals to reef-fish communities at broad spatial scales

D.R. Barneche, M. Kulbicki, S.R. Floeter, A.M. Friedlander, J. Maina, A.P. Allen

ABSTRACT Fishes contribute substantially to energy and nutrient fluxes in reef ecosystems, but quantifying these roles is challenging. Here, we do so by synthesising a large compilation of fish metabolic-rate data with a comprehensive database on re...

Ecology Letters
Published: Tuesday, June 17, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Fish with Chips: Tracking Reef Fish Movements to Evaluate Size and Connectivity of Caribbean Marine Protected Areas

Pittman SJ, Monaco ME, Friedlander AM, Legare B, Nemeth RS, Kendall MS, Poti M, Clark RD, Wedding LM, Caldow C

ABSTRACT Coral reefs and associated fish populations have experienced rapid decline in the Caribbean region and marine protected areas (MPAs) have been widely implemented to address this decline. The performance of no-take MPAs (i.e., marine reserve...

Plos One
Published: Monday, May 5, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

How far has our baseline shifted? Archaeological evidence that pristine reefs are good proxy targets for modern fish populations

Longenecker K, Chan Y, Toonen R, Carlon D, Hunt T, Friedlander A, DeMartini E.

ABSTRACT Reef-fish management and conservation is hindered by a lack of information on fish populations prior to large-scale contemporary human impacts. As a result, relatively pristine sites are often used as conservation baselines for populations ...

Conservation Biology
Published: Tuesday, March 25, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

The origins of ambient biological sound from coral reef ecosystems in the Line Islands archipelago

Freeman S.E., Rohwer F.L., D'Spain G.L., Friedlander A.M., Gregg A.K., Sandin S.A., Buckingham M.J.

ABSTRACT Although ambient biological underwater sound was first characterized more than 60 years ago, attributing specific components of ambient sound to their creators remains a challenge. Noise produced by snapping shrimp typically dominates the a...

The Journal Of The Acoustical Society Of America
Published: Saturday, February 1, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Coexistence of Low Coral Cover and High Fish Biomass at Farquhar Atoll, Seychelles

Friedlander AM, Obura D, Aumeeruddy R, Ballesteros E, Church J, Cebrian E, Sala E

ABSTRACT We report a reef ecosystem where corals may have lost their role as major reef engineering species but fish biomass and assemblage structure is comparable to unfished reefs elsewhere around the world. This scenario is based on an extensive ...

Plos One
Published: Wednesday, January 29, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Functional over-redundancy and high functional vulnerability in global fish faunas of tropical reefs

Mouillot D, Villeger S, Parravicini V, Kulbicki M, Arias-Gonzalez JE, Bender M, Chabanet P, Floeter SR, Friedlander A, Vigliola L, Bellwood DR

ABSTRACT When tropical systems lose species, they are often assumed to be buffered against declines in functional diversity by the ability of the species-rich biota to display high functional redundancy: i.e., a high number of species performing sim...

Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences
Published: Tuesday, January 28, 2014

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Global Biogeography of Reef Fishes: A Hierarchical Quantitative Delineation of Regions

Kulbicki M, Parravicini V, Bellwood DR, Arias-Gonzales E, Chabanet P, Floeter SR, Friedlander AM, McPherson J, Myers RE, Vigliola L, Mouillot D

ABSTRACT Delineating regions is an important first step in understanding the evolution and biogeography of faunas. However, quantitative approaches are often limited at a global scale, particularly in the marine realm. Reef fishes are the most diver...

Plos One
Published: Monday, December 30, 2013

RESEARCH ARTICLE

One size does not fit all: The emerging frontier in large-scale marine conservation

Toonen RJ, Wilhelm TA, Maxwell SM, Wagner D, Bowen BW, Sheppard CRC, Taei SM, Teroroko T, Moffitt R, Gaymer CF, Morgan L, Lewis N, Sheppard ALS, Parks J, Friedlander AM

ABSTRACT On the 20th anniversary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, a network of very large marine protected areas (the Big Ocean network) has emerged as a key strategy in the move to arrest marine decline and conserve some of the last remai...

Marine Pollution Bulletin
Published: Sunday, December 15, 2013

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Global assessment of the status of coral reef herbivorous fishes: evidence for fishing effects

C. B. Edwards, A. M. Friedlander, A. G. Green, M. J. Hardt, E. Sala, H. P. Sweatman, I. D. Williams, B. Zgliczynski, S. A. Sandin, J. E. Smith

ABSTRACT On coral reefs, herbivorous fishes consume benthic primary producers and regulate competition between fleshy algae and reef-building corals. Many of these species are also important fishery targets, yet little is known about their global st...

Proceedings Of The Royal Society Of Biology
Published: Wednesday, November 20, 2013

RESEARCH ARTICLE

From principles to practice: a spatial approach to systematic conservation planning in the deep sea

L. M. Wedding, A. M. Friedlander, J. N. Kittinger, L. Watling, S. D. Gaines, M. Bennett, S. M. Hardy, C. R. Smith

ABSTRACT Increases in the demand and price for industrial metals, combined with advances in technological capabilities have now made deep-sea mining more feasible and economically viable. In order to balance economic interests with the conservation ...

Proceedings Of The Royal Society Of Biology
Published: Wednesday, November 6, 2013

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Wave energy as a predictor of coral reef benthic communities in the absence of local human impacts

Williams G.J., Smith, J.E., Conklin E.J., Gove J.M., Sala E, Sandin S.A.

ABSTRACT Kingman Reef and Palmyra Atoll in the central Pacific are among the most remote coral reefs on the planet. Here we describe spatial patterns in their benthic communities across reef habitats and depths, and consider these in the context of ...

Peerj
Published: Tuesday, May 28, 2013

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