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  • Sylvan Heights Bird Park, Scotland Neck, North Carolina, USA
  • Sylvan Heights Bird Park, Scotland Neck, North Carolina, USA
  • Sylvan Heights Bird Park, Scotland Neck, North Carolina, USA
  • Sylvan Heights Bird Park, Scotland Neck, North Carolina, USA
  • Sylvan Heights Bird Park, Scotland Neck, North Carolina, USA
  • Sylvan Heights Bird Park, Scotland Neck, North Carolina, USA
  • Sylvan Heights Bird Park, Scotland Neck, North Carolina, USA
  • Sylvan Heights Bird Park, Scotland Neck, North Carolina, USA
  • Sylvan Heights Bird Park, Scotland Neck, North Carolina, USA
  • Sylvan Heights Bird Park, Scotland Neck, North Carolina, USA

Photo Ark

Common Goldeneye

Bucephala clangula

Sylvan Heights Bird Park, Scotland Neck, North Carolina, USA

Least Concern

The global population is estimated to number c.2,700,000-4,700,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015), national population estimates include c.100,000-1 million breeding pairs and c.10,000 wintering individuals in Russia (Brazil 2009). The European population is estimated at 489,000-623,000 pairs, which equates to 977,000-1,250,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Read More

The species is threatened by wetland degradation and loss in North America and is susceptible to atmospheric acid deposition (e.g. acid rain) throughout a large part of its breeding range (Kear 2005b). The main threat to the species in its wintering range is pollution (e.g. from coastal oil spills or other pollutants from sewage outfalls) (del Hoyo et al. 1992). Utilisation The species is hunted sustainably in Denmark (Bregnballe et al. 2006) although the influence of hunting on global populations is unknown (Kear 2005b), although an estimated 100,000–250,000 were once shot annually in north-west and central Europe. Lead shot ingestion ... Read More

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BirdLife International 2016. Bucephala clangula. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22680455A85989591. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22680455A85989591.en