Moorish architectural styles spread far beyond North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula (what the Moors called al Andalus). The Sheikh Zayed Mosque, in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, incorporates a courtyard of rounded arches, called keyhole arches.

Photograph by Raimundo Soto, MyShot

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Moorish architecture, like all Islamic architecture, has distinctive motifs: rounded arches, Arabic calligraphy, vegetative design, and decorative tiles.