The rain forest of the Amazon is one of the most biodiverse ecosystems in the world. River turtles, like this one in Manu Park, Peru, interact with species as diverse as monkeys, caimans (reptiles related to crocodiles and alligators), thousands of birds, and even freshwater dolphins. The butterflies interacting with this river turtle have a lot of company—there are more than two million insect species indigenous to the Amazon rain forest.

Photograph by Byron Yu, MyShot
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wetland
wetland Encyclopedic Entry

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Encyclopedic entry. A wetland is an area of land that is either covered by water or saturated with water.

South America: Physical Geography
South America: Physical Geography Encyclopedic Entry

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Encyclopedic entry. South America is a continent of extremes. It is home to the world's largest river (the Amazon) as well as the world's driest place (the Atacama Desert).