This insect was trapped in amber, or "fossil resin," about 50 million years ago. Because amber is such an excellent preservative, paleontologists can study such delicate features as the animal's wings and eyes.

Photograph by John O'Neill, MyShot
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paleontology
paleontology Encyclopedic Entry

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Paleontology is the study of the history of life on Earth as based on fossils. Fossils are the remains of plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, and single-celled living things that have been replaced by rock material or impressions of organisms preserved in rock.