Ahu Togariki, the largest moai on Easter Island, stares out at the Pacific Ocean. Moai are ancient statues of men carved out of huge pieces of rock. Easter Island, also called Rapa Nui, is the southernmost point of the Polynesian Triangle, and had a flourishing Polynesian culture until the 1700s. By that time, the Rapa Nui civilization had overexploited, or used up, too many of the island's resources, including fresh water, vegetation such as nuts and palms, and animals such as fish. By the time European explorers arrived in the 1700s, the culture was dwindling and many of the moai broken.

Photograph by Nico Peri, My Shot
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island Encyclopedic Entry

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An island is a body of land surrounded by water