The arctic village of Longyearbyen is situated along Norway's largest ice cap, Austfonna, in the Svalbard archipelago. Glacier fronts at Austfonna are melting at a rate of about 49 meters (160 feet) every year. The arctic summer could be completely ice-free by the end of the century.

Photograph by Dan Westergren

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ice cap
ice cap Encyclopedic Entry

Best For
5-12+

Subjects
Geography, Science

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Encyclopedic entry. An ice cap is a thick layer of ice and snow that covers large areas of land. You’ll usually find ice caps in the North and South Poles of the Earth.