Sphagnum moss is the most common bog plant. This tiny plant stretches across poorly drained ponds, eventually choking them and forming a thick mat across the surface. Other low-lying bog plants include heather, reeds, and sedges.

Photograph by Robbie Clamp, My Shot
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bog
bog Encyclopedic Entry

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A bog is a wetland of soft, spongy ground consisting mainly of partially decayed plant matter called peat