Male, Maldives, is the world's smallest capital, only about 6 square kilometers (2.2 square miles). In the 20th century, Maldivians expanded the atoll on which Male sits through dredging and landfills.

Photograph by Abdulla Naseer, MyShot
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atoll
atoll Encyclopedic Entry

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Encyclopedic entry. An atoll is a ring-shaped coral reef, island, or series of islets. The atoll surrounds a body of water called a lagoon.