The Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey, is nicknamed the "Blue Mosque" for its bright blue tiles. The script decorating the interior of the mosque's dome was created by Seyyid Kasim Gubari, one of the most accomplished artists of the Muslim world in the 1600s.

Photograph by Mustafa Hussain, MyShot
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Moorish architecture, like all Islamic architecture, has distinctive motifs: rounded arches, Arabic calligraphy, vegetative design, and decorative tiles.