Although oceanographers only began to research rogue waves in the late 20th century, the phenomenon has been well-known for centuries. Here, the President Madison experiences heavy seas in the Pacific Ocean in 1930.

Photograph courtesy NOAA's National Weather Service (NWS) Collection

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Rogue Waves
Rogue Waves Article

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Rogue waves develop from swells interacting with currents and eddies—and can devastate ships at sea.