Moorish art developed in North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula around the 11th century. Moorish art is a variation of Islamic art. Elements of Moorish architecture include a variety of arches, intricate calligraphy, vegetative design, and decorative tilework.

Illustration by Susan Sanford

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Moorish architecture, like all Islamic architecture, has distinctive motifs: rounded arches, Arabic calligraphy, vegetative design, and decorative tiles.