- Discuss the role of wolf archetypes in different cultures. Why do students think the wolf can represent such dissimilar concepts?
- The role of wolves in mythology often has to do with the society creating the myth. Agricultural societies may be more likely to view the wolf as a sinister figure—a threat to livestock and settlements. Societies based on hunting might tend to view the wolf as a resourceful and respected fellow hunter.
Wild Wolf Archetype: Vuk (wolf in Serbian), and variations such as Vukasin and Vukan, are common men’s names in Serbia. This may date from an ancient tradition blaming infant mortality on witches—who were afraid to attack wolves.
Evil Wolf Archetype: In Europe, the fearful legend of werewolves can be traced as far back as ancient Greece. Lycaon was a king who killed a man and served his flesh to Zeus, the king of the gods. Zeus punished Lycaon by turning him into a wolf, and the mythical concept of people transforming into wolves took on his name—lycanthropy.
to adjust to new surroundings or a new situation.
wide collection of cultures and people speaking a common language group, originally native to what is now northeastern and central Canada and the United States.
supposed or presumed.
recurring cultural symbol.
region at Earth's extreme north, encompassed by the Arctic Circle.
complex way of life that developed as humans began to develop urban settlements.
group of organisms or a social group interacting in a specific region under similar environmental conditions.
a person who writes music.
group of stars that form a recognizable shape.
to seek advice from a trusted source.
learned behavior of people, including their languages, belief systems, social structures, institutions, and material goods.
first appearance of daylight in the morning.
soil or dirt.
to get away.
folk story often involving magic or supernatural creatures, such as elves or dragons.
group of organisms that come from the same ancestors and share similar characteristics. Family is also a classification in chemistry and math.
person who cultivates land and raises crops.
wild or savage.
traditional stories and legends associated with a people, place, or idea.
to start or establish something.
collection of stars, planets, gases, and other celestial bodies bound together by gravity.
fair, of good character, and respected.
to pursue and kill an animal, usually for food.
natural motivation or behavior.
device for making musical sounds.
tropical ecosystem filled with trees and underbrush.
traditional or mythical story.
main part of a song or other musical composition.
galaxy in which the Earth and sun are located.
legend or traditional story.
person whose ancestors were native inhabitants of North or South America. Native American usually does not include Eskimo or Hawaiian people.
stories, traditions, and beliefs of ancient Scandinavia.
child with no parents.
group of animals, usually arranged in a family-like structure.
people and culture native to what is today the U.S. states of Nebraska and northern Kansas.
to beg or sincerely appeal to someone for something.
animal that is hunted and eaten by other animals.
to support and prevent from falling.
to stand for a person, community, or idea.
(27 BCE-476 CE) period in the history of ancient Rome when the state was ruled by an emperor.
brightest star in Earth's sky, in the constellation Canis Major. Also called the Dog Star.
cunning, wily, and shrewd.
large community, linked through similarities or relationships.
large ball of gas and plasma that radiates energy through nuclear fusion, such as the sun.
dying from lack of food.
system of organization.
serving as a representation of something.
to domesticate or make useful for humans.
to cause deep fear.
to scare or be a source of danger.
region generally located between the Tropic of Cancer (23 1/2 degrees north of the Equator) and the Tropic of Capricorn (23 1/2 degrees south of the Equator).
mythical or legendary place for the souls of the dead.
antagonist or evil character in a story.
place where animals are kept for exhibition.