This article explores the deep history of Afghanistan that shapes the perceptions of the country. Through an overview of Afghanistan’s history from the 18th century to the present, the author asserts that common beliefs about Afghanistan’s history are refuted by careful consideration of the realities of long years of peace and stability. As the article states, students of Afghan history need to examine both the periods of stability and the disruptions of the past thirty years to get a nuanced understanding of how Afghan politics has worked in the past and what models history offers for the future.