This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. Partner Nat Geo WILD

Select Text Level:

Groups of mysterious forest elephants live in the Dzanga Bai, or “village of elephants.” The Dzanga Bai is part of Dzanga Ndoki National Park in the Central African Republic.
 
How are forest elephants different from bush elephants that roam the African savanna? Read our Fast Facts to find out!
  1. Why do the forest elephants of Dzanga Ndoki National Park visit Dzanga Bai?

  2. How does the mud of Dzanga Bai help the elephants digest their food?

Forest elephants live in the humid rain forest. Bush elephants live in and around the grassy savanna.

The tusks of forest elephants are usually straight, which keeps them from getting tangled in the dense underbrush of the rain forest. The tusks of bush elephants are slightly curved.

Forest elephants are usually smaller than bush elephants. An adult male forest elephant rarely exceeds about 2.5 meters (8 feet) tall and weighs about 2.7 tons (5,950 pounds). An adult male bush elephant stands about 3 meters (10.8 feet) tall and weighs about 5.5 tons (12,130 pounds).

Forest elephants usually have darker skin than bush elephants.

The ears of a forest elephant are usually a little rounder than the ears of a bush elephant.

The forest elephant has five toenails on its front feet and four toenails on its hind feet. The bush elephant has four on its front feet and three on its hind feet.

There are three living species of elephants—the Asian elephant, the bush elephant, and the forest elephant. Both forest elephants and bush elephants live in sub-Saharan Africa.

brush
Noun

dense growth of bushes, shrubs, and small trees.

densely
Adverb

heavily or crowded.

distinct
Adjective

unique or identifiable.

forest
Noun

ecosystem filled with trees and underbrush.

forest elephant
Noun

species of elephant native to the Congo River rain forest in Africa.

humid
Adjective

containing a large amount of water vapor.

mysterious
Adjective

secret or not fully understood.

national park
Noun

geographic area protected by the national government of a country.

Noun

substance an organism needs for energy, growth, and life.

poison
Noun

substance that harms health.

Noun

area of tall, mostly evergreen trees and a high amount of rainfall.

savanna
Noun

type of tropical grassland with scattered trees.

specific
Adjective

exact or precise.

tusk
Noun

very long tooth found in animals like elephants and walruses.

Noun

small human settlement usually found in a rural setting.