Busanga Swamp sits inside Kafue National Park in Zambia, Africa. Even in the dry season, this swamp does not dry out because small rivers run into it from higher ground. Busanga Swamp is home to many animals, including the lechwe, the waterbuck, the African bush elephant, the African buffalo, the crocodile, and the monitor lizard. The fact that this location is wet year-round means that it is difficult for lions to hunt here.

  1. What characteristics of lions hinder them from hunting successfully in Busanga Swamp?

    • Answer

      The lions are built for power on dry land where they can use their short, thick legs and broad, muscular chests.

  2. What adaptations give the lechwe an advantage in Busanga Swamp?

    • Answer

      The lechwe have long hooves, strong hind legs, and water-repelling fur.

  3. Predict ways the lions could be successful while hunting in Busanga Swamp.

    • Answer

      Possible responses: The lions could get as close as possible without being detected by their prey so they wouldn't have to run as far. The lions could target prey animals in the drier parts of Busanga Swamp. Over time, lions might evolve to have a waterproof coat or a smaller chest.

Noun

branch of biology that studies the relationship between living organisms and their environment.

lion
Noun

large cat native to sub-Saharan Africa and Gir Forest National Park, India.

Noun

land permanently saturated with water and sometimes covered with it.