1. This beautiful headstone marks the grave of Mary Seacole, a pioneering British nurse of the 19th century. How old was Mary Seacole when she died?

    • Answer

      Mary Seacole was 76 years old when she died. The dates of her birth and death appear under her name, a common style on headstones.

  2. The headstone says Mary Seacole cared for the sick and wounded in the West Indies and the Crimea. Where are the West Indies? Where is the Crimea?

    • Answer

      The West Indies are a group of islands separating the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. The largest islands in the West Indies are Cuba, Hispaniola, and Jamaica.

      The Crimea is a peninsula in southern Ukraine, separating the northern Black Sea from the Sea of Azov.

  3. Mary Seacole is buried in London, England. Based on the information on her headstone, she was very well-traveled. In her travels, what bodies of water did Mary have to navigate across or around?

    • Answer

      To travel from Jamaica to Panama, the Crimea, and England, Mary had to be familiar with the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.

  4. What do the dates (1854-1856) at the bottom of the headstone represent?

    • Answer

      The worst years of the Crimean War, where Mary Seacole worked as a nurse, took place between 1854 and 1856.

  5. A large palm tree is carved into Mary Seacole's headstone. Why?

    • Answer

      Palm trees are native to Jamaica, where Mary Seacole was born. The design is simply honoring her West Indian heritage.

Crimea
Noun

large peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea, and a republic of Ukraine.

Crimean War
Noun

(1853-1856) conflict between the Allies (France, Britain, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia) and Russia.

grave
Noun

specific place where a body is buried.

headstone
Noun

stone used to mark a grave. Also called a gravestone.

heritage
Noun

cultural or family background.

Noun

body of land surrounded by water.

Mary Seacole
Noun

(1805-1881) Jamaican nurse, traveler, and businesswoman.

Noun

piece of land jutting into a body of water.

travel
Noun

movement from one place to another.

West Indies
Plural Noun

archipelago between North and South America, separating the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, consisting of the individual island groups of the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles, and the Bahamas.