The ancient Greeks did not turn to religion for answers when faced with the unexplainable as many past civilizations did. They investigated their world and solved their problems.


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  • For many ancient civilizations, the unknown (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, or other natural hazards) was explained by religion. The Greeks were one of the first groups of people to use logic, reason, and science to try to understand why certain events around them were happening.

    Watch our video to learn how advancements in scientific inquiry can only happen in an “environment that encourages questions, the sharing of ideas, and openness to different approaches”: curiosity.

  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    ancient Greece Noun

    loosely united civilization founded on and around the Peloponnese peninsula, lasting from about the 8th century BCE to about 200 BCE.

    deity Noun

    very holy or spiritual being.

    democracy Noun

    system of organization or government where the people decide policies or elect representatives to do so.

    philosophy Noun

    the study of the basic principles of knowledge.

    science Noun

    knowledge focused on facts based on observation, identification, description, investigation, and explanation.

    theory Noun

    explanation that has not been proven as fact.