In 2004, DNA testing uncovered a new subspecies of tiger−Panthera tigris jacksoni, or the Malayan tiger. Before 2004, the Malayan tiger was classified as the Indochinese tiger. The Malayan tiger has a very limited range. It is found only on the Malay Peninsula and along the southern tip of Thailand.
The Malayan tiger was officially listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in 2015. Several factors are considered when determining if an animal is qualified for this designation. For the Malayan tiger, three factors were significant: its overall population, the percentage of the decline in its population over a generation, and the fact that no pocket of habitat with a population of more than 50 tigers exists.
Efforts to save the Malayan tiger require the cooperation not only of the Malaysian government and local conservation agencies but also conservation partners around the world. One example of these efforts is that of the Woodland Park Zoo in Seattle, Washington. The zoo has partnered with the global conservation organization Panthera on a 10-year, million dollar plan to preserve the Malayan tiger. They are working with local conservation organizations in Malaysia as well as Malaysia’s Department of Wildlife and National Parks to coordinate their conservation efforts for maximum effectiveness.
Conservation groups are approaching Malayan tiger conservation in multiple ways. The Woodland Park Zoo/Panthera partnership is supporting training for park rangers to improve data collection, anti-poaching activities, and interagency communication. They have also helped set up camera traps to increase the data on tiger populations. The World Wildlife Fund has assisted in education efforts in local communities and to help farmers build secure enclosures for livestock to reduce conflicts with tigers. At the same time, zoos in Europe, including the Prague Zoo, have managed to breed Malayan tigers in captivity. All of these various efforts will affect the future of the Malayan tiger.
management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.
level of conservation between "endangered" and "extinct in the wild."
organism threatened with extinction.
person who protects and informs the public about local, state, and national parks. Also called a forest ranger.
(subsp.) group of organisms within a single species, often distinguished by geographic isolation.
World Wildlife Fund
organization focused on conservation of nature.
place where animals are kept for exhibition.