The green spotted pufferfish (Tetraodon fluviatilis) inhabits freshwater and brackish water habitats. Brackish water has a lower salt content than the ocean and is found in rivers or estuaries where freshwater is mixing with seawater.
The green spotted pufferfish is a member of the Tetraodontidae family of fish, famous for their natural defense mechanism of inflating their stomachs when threatened to appear larger. Many species of pufferfish, including the green spotted puffer, are toxic to most predators, including humans. There are at least 191 unique species in this family of fish found in many tropical areas around the world. They are less common in temperate regions.
This species of fish has been known to occur in coastal freshwater and brackish water areas near South and Southeast Asia, including mangroves.
There are no known major threats to this species, although they are commonly caught in the wild to be sold for use in aquariums.
Scientists have been studying the genome of the green spotted pufferfish because it has the same number of genes as humans but compressed into a much more compact genome structure. This has led scientists towards better understanding the human genome and the role that certain types of genes play.
salty water, usually a mixture of seawater and freshwater.
adaptation of an organism to defend itself against predators.
mouth of a river where the river's current meets the sea's tide.
having to do with a habitat or ecosystem of a lake, river, or spring.
set of genes, or chromosomes, that hold all the inherited characteristics of an organism.
type of tree or shrub with long, thick roots that grows in salty water.
existing in the tropics, the latitudes between the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the south.