Pademelons are a type of small, hopping marsupial in the same family as kangaroos. The dusky pademelon (Thylogale brunii) is native to the island of New Guinea and some minor surrounding islands (the Aru and Kai islands, which are part of Indonesia). Other species of pademelon can also be found on New Guinea as well as in Australia, including the island state of Tasmania, south of the main Australian landmass.
Minimal information on the dusky pademelon exists, but it is considered to be mostly a solitary animal, only socializing for mating and occasionally while grazing. They are foragers, feeding on the undergrowth of lowland forests and in clearings, eating grass, leaves, shoots, and fruits. They have been observed to graze in clearings and at the forest’s edge under the cover of night.
Habitat fragmentation and hunting are major threats to the continued survival of pademelon populations in New Guinea and the neighboring islands. The dusky pademelon shares its native range with the culturally diverse indigenous people of New Guinea. Rice farming and logging are examples of some of the pressures on the landscape. Trapping of dusky pademelons has also threatened its population, due to the small marsupial’s reputation as being adaptable and attractive in captivity.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species notes that monitoring of populations and regulation of hunting of this species are needed to ensure the continued health and survival of the dusky pademelon in the wild. The IUCN lists the dusky pademelon as vulnerable.
breaking up of large habitats into smaller, isolated chunks. Fragmentation is one of the main forms of habitat destruction.
characteristic to or of a specific place.
mammal that carries its young in a pouch on the mother's body.
type of mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young.