The Brazilian salmon pink birdeater (Lasiodora parahybana) is a member of the Theraphosidae family of spiders, commonly known as tarantulas. There are about 900 species of tarantulas, and they are present on every continent except Antarctica.
The birdeater is native to the Atlantic forest region of South America, which is largely in Brazil but extends into Argentina and Paraguay. This region is known to be incredibly biodiverse, with around 20,000 unique species of plants and many endemic species.
Compared to similar spider species, the Brazilian salmon pink birdeater stays outside its den more where it hunts. It can move swiftly, and as a defense mechanism it will flick off sharp, barbed hairs from its hind legs and abdomen.
It is an ambush predator and will strike its prey and inject paralyzing venom with its fangs. It then releases fluids that help partially digest its meal, before drawing the digested tissues up into the mouth.
Despite its name, it has rarely been observed to prey on small birds. It does, however, have salmon hairs around its legs and abdomen. The salmon hairs on the female are replaced with more reddish highlights.
Although the birdeater population is not classified as endangered, its Atlantic forest habitat is under severe threat from deforestation from logging and land conversion to pasture, agriculture, forest plantations, and urban areas. Very little is known about the overall population size of this spider. Like many tarantula species, it is kept as a pet by many people.
How does the Brazilian salmon pink birdeater defend itself when being attacked or threatened?
What is the purpose of molting in spiders?
What does the Brazilian pink salmon birdeater prey on?
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry abdomen Noun
belly, or the part of an animal containing its stomach, intestines, and liver.
to attack suddenly and by surprise.
all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area.
Encyclopedic Entry: biodiversity endemic Adjective
native to a specific geographic space.
to shed fur, skin, feathers, or other body covering.
urticating hairs Plural Noun
barbed hairs on arachnids and insects that act as a defense against predators.