The northern spotted owl is a threatened species native to the old-growth cloud forests of the province of British Columbia, Canada, and the U.S. states of Washington, Oregon, and California. (This breathtaking photograph was taken in Northern California's redwood forest in 2008.)
In the 1990s, the owl became a symbol of the bitter conflict between conservation efforts and economic activity. The old-growth forests where northern spotted owls make their homes are lucrative natural resources that provide thousands of jobs in the North American timber industry.
Habitat loss was listed as a major contributor to the birds' "threatened" status. The timber industry feared that if the northern spotted owl was protected by the federal government, they would be forced to slow or stop logging in some areas.
wooded area, usually high-altitude, almost always covered by clouds and fog.
a disagreement or fight, usually over ideas or procedures.
management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.
having to do with money.
having to do with a nation's government (as opposed to local or regional government).
system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit.
the reduction or destruction of an ecosystem, making it less able to support its native species.
activity that produces goods and services.
industry engaged in cutting down trees and moving the wood to sawmills.
profitable or money-making.
a material that humans take from the natural environment to survive, to satisfy their needs, or to trade with others.
collection of trees and shrubs that has not been harvested for timber or other uses in about 200 years, although definitions vary. Also called a primeval forest, primary forest, primal forest, or ancient woodland.
bird of prey.
division of a country larger than a town or county.
organism that may soon become endangered.
wood in an unfinished form, either trees or logs.
business that harvests trees for wood, paper, or other use.