This clay pot is an artifact from ancient Egypt. It is predynastic, the earliest period in Egyptian history. The pot was created during what is known as the Naqada II period (3500-3200 BCE), long before the pyramids were built.
This pot was probably made without use of a pottery wheel. The potter most likely pressed the damp clay between his or her hand and a large, flat tool held in the other hand. This created a thin-walled vessel, which could be easily carried and stored.
The decoration on the pot is typical of the Naqada II style. The top decoration is a large boat with many oars. The birds below the boat are probably flamingos, common wading birds. These decorations illustrate the importance of the Nile River to the Naqada II culture.
This pot is made out of clay. Where did the ancient Egyptian potter probably obtain his or her clay?
Why doesn't the decoration on the pot resemble the hieroglyphs or tomb paintings associated with the Egyptian pyramids?
This pot was probably a carrying or storage vessel. What do you think ancient Egyptians kept in this pot?
The boat and flamingo decorations illustrate the importance of the Nile to Naqada II culture. How do you think the people of Naqada II depended on the Nile?
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry ancient Adjective
material remains of a culture, such as tools, clothing, or food.
Encyclopedic Entry: Artifact clay Noun
type of sedimentary rock that is able to be shaped when wet.
learned behavior of people, including their languages, belief systems, social structures, institutions, and material goods.
Nile River Noun
(5,592 kilometers/3,473 miles) river in East Africa.
period before the first major unification of Egypt, around 3100 BCE.
Pyramids Plural Noun
three large pyramids outside Giza, Egypt: the Pyramid of Khufu (2560 BCE), the Pyramid of Khafre (2532 BCE) and the Pyramid of Menkaure (2515 BCE). Also called the Pyramids of Giza.
wading bird Noun
bird with long, thin legs adapted for walking and feeding in shallow water.