- Mount Everest is the highest elevation on Earth. It rises 8,848 meters (29,035 feet) above sea level. A devastating 2015 earthquake shifted the mountain about 3 centimeters (1.2 inches) to the southwest, but had no impact on its elevation.
- Mount Everest is part of the Himalaya mountain range, which separates the bulk of the continent of Asia from the Indian subcontinent. The Himalayas are spread across five countries: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, and Pakistan.
- Mount Everest is a part of two nations: China and Nepal. The traditional Chinese name of Mount Everest is Chomolungma. The traditional Nepalese name is Sagarmatha. A British surveyor, Sir Andrew Scott Waugh, gave Mount Everest its English name in 1865. He named it after Sir George Everest, a Welsh geographer.
- Although Mount Everest is the highest elevation on Earth, it is not the tallest mountain. Mauna Kea, on the island of Hawaii in the U.S. state of the same name, rises not from a continental mountain range, but from the seafloor. Mauna Kea rises 4,207 meters (13,803 feet,) above sea level. From base to summit, however, Mauna Kea is 9,966 meters (32,696 feet) tall!
- Mount Everest, and even Mauna Kea, are far from the highest mountains in the solar system. The highest mountain in the solar system is probably Olympus Mons, a volcano on Mars. Olympus Mons rises about 22 kilometers (14 miles) into the Martian atmosphere. (That's 22,000 meters, or 72,178 feet—more than twice the height of Mount Everest!)
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry continent Noun
one of the seven main land masses on Earth.
Encyclopedic Entry: continent Earth Noun
our planet, the third from the Sun. The Earth is the only place in the known universe that supports life.
Encyclopedic Entry: Earth elevation Noun
height above or below sea level.
Encyclopedic Entry: elevation geographer Noun
person who studies places and the relationships between people and their environments.
Himalaya Mountains Noun
mountain range between India and Nepal.
Indian subcontinent Noun
landmass in south-central Asia carried by the Indian tectonic plate, including the peninsula of India.
fourth planet from the sun, between Earth and Jupiter.
Mauna Kea Noun
dormant volcano in the U.S. state of Hawaii. (4,205 meters/13,796 feet tall)
landmass that forms as tectonic plates interact with each other.
Mount Everest Noun
highest spot on Earth, 8,850 meters (29,035 feet). Mount Everest is part of the Himalaya range, in Nepal and China.
political unit made of people who share a common territory.
Encyclopedic Entry: nation sea level Noun
base level for measuring elevations. Sea level is determined by measurements taken over a 19-year cycle.
Encyclopedic Entry: sea level solar system Noun
the sun and the planets, asteroids, comets, and other bodies that orbit around it.
highest point of a mountain.
person who analyzes the specific boundaries and features of a piece of land using mathematical concepts such as geometry.