As a glacier carves its way through a landscape, it transports debris—mostly rock and soil. Moraine is the material left behind by a moving glacier.

Moraines can form on top of the glacier (supraglacial moraine), the sides of a glacier (lateral moraine), and at the very end of a glacier (terminal moraine).

carve
Verb

to cut or slice through.

debris
Noun

remains of something broken or destroyed; waste, or garbage.

Noun

mass of ice that moves slowly over land.

Noun

the geographic features of a region.

lateral moraine
Noun

material deposited at the edges of a glacier.

Noun

material, such as earth, sand, and gravel, transported by a glacier.

rock
Noun

natural substance composed of solid mineral matter.

soil
Noun

top layer of the Earth's surface where plants can grow.

supraglacial moraine
Noun

material that builds up on the surface of a glacier.

terminal moraine
Noun

material deposited at the end of a glacier. Also called an end moraine.

transport
Verb

to move material from one place to another.