As a glacier carves its way through a landscape, it transports debris—mostly rock and soil. Moraine is the material left behind by a moving glacier.
Moraines can form on top of the glacier (supraglacial moraine), the sides of a glacier (lateral moraine), and at the very end of a glacier (terminal moraine).
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry carve Verb
to cut or slice through.
remains of something broken or destroyed; waste, or garbage.
mass of ice that moves slowly over land.
Encyclopedic Entry: glacier landscape Noun
the geographic features of a region.
Encyclopedic Entry: landscape lateral moraine Noun
material deposited at the edges of a glacier.
material, such as earth, sand, and gravel, transported by a glacier.
Encyclopedic Entry: moraine rock Noun
natural substance composed of solid mineral matter.
top layer of the Earth's surface where plants can grow.
supraglacial moraine Noun
material that builds up on the surface of a glacier.
terminal moraine Noun
material deposited at the end of a glacier. Also called an end moraine.
to move material from one place to another.