- Stick charts use natural materials found on and around Pacific islands to represent specific phenomena, characteristics, or locations.
- Shells represent islands.
- Coconut fibers ("sticks") represent wave patterns. Straight lines represent currents—consistent, predictable waves.
- Bent or curved lines represent swells. Unlike currents, swells are created by the wind. Their strength and direction can change with the weather.
- National Geographic Education: Australia & Oceania MapMaker Kit
- National Geographic Education: MapMaker 1-Page Map: Australia & Oceania
type of map with information useful to ocean or air navigators.
instrument used to tell direction.
steady, predictable flow of fluid within a larger body of that fluid.
long, thin, threadlike material produced by plants that aids digestive motion when consumed.
body of land surrounded by water.
distance north or south of the Equator, measured in degrees.
distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees.
symbolic representation of selected characteristics of a place, usually drawn on a flat surface.
having to do with the ocean.
art and science of determining an object's position, course, and distance traveled.
person who charts a course or path.
(singular: phenomenon) any observable occurrence or feature.
hard outer covering of an animal.
map made with sticks and shells, used by South Pacific islanders to navigate ocean swells, islands, and reefs.
stable, crestless wind wave formed far out at sea.
long journey or trip.
vibrations (oscillations) around a fixed location, usually involving a transfer of energy from one point to another.
state of the atmosphere, including temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity, precipitation, and cloudiness.
movement of air (from a high pressure zone to a low pressure zone) caused by the uneven heating of the Earth by the sun.