Idea for Use in the Classroom
Introduce and share the infographic with students. Define key ideas such as natural selection, inheritance, and DNA. These activities can be done as in-class assignments, small group work, or they can be completed outside of class time. Introduce students to Charles Darwin’s research, Gregor Mendel’s work with pea plants, and James Watson and Francis Crick’s determination of the structure of DNA.
Have students work in pairs to research the scientists and ideas that were used to challenge Darwin’s theory about the role of natural selection. Ask the pairs to choose one scientist or idea and make a poster that explains why that scientist thinks Darwin is wrong. Then have students write a response from Charles Darwin explaining why his theory of natural selection is correct.
Have students search to find a tree of life diagram of human evolution. Ask students to identify where “Lucy” fits into the tree. Then ask students to research Lucy and write a short paragraph describing why she is an important find.
Have students work in groups to research the finches Darwin studied in the Galapagos. Have the groups select one type of finch and explain how its beak adapted through natural selection to gather its food. Encourage the groups to build models to demonstrate how the shape of the beak is best suited for obtaining certain types of food. Have the groups present their demonstration to the class.
Ask students to read through the timeline and select one of the entries. Then have them research that entry to learn more about how the discovery came about and what it adds to our understanding of evolution. After research, have students summarize how the entry supports the legacy of an idea by writing a 280-character tweet that announces the evidence.
Tell students that Darwin, along with another scientist, Alfred Russel Wallace, were the first to propose the idea of evolution through natural selection. Today, this idea is widely accepted by scientists. Have students research and devise a demonstration of how natural selection works in plants or animals. Have students select a demonstration that they can present to the class.
(singular: archaeon) a group of tiny organisms often living in extreme environments, such as ocean vents and salt lakes.
(singular: bacterium) single-celled organisms found in every ecosystem on Earth.
theory of evolution via natural selection proposed by Charles Darwin
(deoxyribonucleic acid) molecule in every living organism that contains specific genetic information on that organism.
change in heritable traits of a population over time.
the study of heredity, or how characteristics are passed down from one generation to the next.
set of genes, or chromosomes, that hold all the inherited characteristics of an organism.
process by which organisms that are better -adapted to their environments produce more offspring to transmit their genetic characteristics.
explanation that has not been proven as fact.