European cities are also adapting to smaller industrial cities. Germany, for instance, has prioritized both public transportation and bicycling.

Photograph by Valerie Khmelnitsky, MyShot
    • The European Union (EU) has made a social and financial commitment to supporting cycling as a safe, efficient mode of transportation. Cities and nations, as well as the EU and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have introduced projects to promote cycling.
    • Mnster, Germany, has invested in extensive bike lanes, bike routes, and bike-only streets throughout the city. Bicycle parking is free in many public lots, often where cars and motorcycles have costly parking meters. The enormous bike garage near Mnster's largest railway station has 3,300 covered parking spaces, as well as security features, bicycle-repair services, cleaning facilities, and even a second-hand bike shop.
    • The SwitzerlandMobility Foundation is a public-private partnership that integrates non-motorized traffic with public transportation. In addition to bicycling, "non-motorized traffic" includes walking or hiking, skating, and canoeing. Routes of Swiss buses, trains, and ferries are integrated with bike routes, hiking trails, and public waterways.
    • EuroVelo is a cycling network spanning the entire continent and more than a dozen countries. It runs from Russia, Finland, and Norway in the north, to the United Kingdom, France, and Hungary further south, and Spain, Montenegro, and Greece on the Mediterranean coast. EuroVelo appeals to both local cyclists and cycling tourists, with more than 45,000 kilometers (27,962 miles) of interconnected routes.
    • Bicycle transportation in Europe is most popular in the Netherlands (where 26% of journeys are taken by bike), Denmark (19%) and Germany (10%).
  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    coast Noun

    edge of land along the sea or other large body of water.

    Encyclopedic Entry: coast
    continent Noun

    one of the seven main land masses on Earth.

    Encyclopedic Entry: continent
    efficient Adjective

    performing a task with skill and minimal waste.

    enormous Adjective

    very large.

    European Union Noun

    association of European nations promoting free trade, ease of transportation, and cultural and political links.

    financial Adjective

    having to do with money.

    journey Noun

    voyage or trip.

    nation Noun

    political unit made of people who share a common territory.

    Encyclopedic Entry: nation
    network Noun

    series of links along which movement or communication can take place.

    NGO Noun

    non-governmental organization.

    private sector Noun

    section of the economy that works for profit, such as corporations (not government or nonprofit organizations).

    public Adjective

    available to an entire community, not limited to paying members.

    public transportation Noun

    methods of movement that are available to all community members for a fee, and which follow a fixed route and schedule: buses, subways, trains and ferries.

    route Noun

    path or way.

    tourist Noun

    person who travels for pleasure.

    transportation Noun

    movement of people or goods from one place to another.