Yellowstone National Park is home to a supervolcano, a volcano capable of ejecting more than 1,000 cubic kilometers (240 cubic miles) of material.
The Yellowstone supervolcano last erupted about 640,000 years ago. When it did, it left behind a caldera, a landform created by the inward collapse of a volcano's peak.
This simple map outlines the extent of the Yellowstone Caldera, as well as some basic physical features of the region. Study the map and the scale bar (which provides information on relative distance) to answer the questions in the "Questions" tab.
Consult National Geography Standard 1.4 (4th grade): How to use maps and other geographic representations, geospatial technologies, and spatial thinking to understand and communicate information. The interpretation of geographic representations.
Discuss how geospatial information is communicated. Methods might include:
• a review of DOGSTAILS, or the elements of a good map, discussed in “Extending the Learning” in our activity “Important Places.”
• the use of color in maps
• identifying geographic features, such as lakes and mountains, in maps
• estimating distance using a map's scale bar
generally or near an exact figure.
large depression resulting from the collapse of the center of a volcano.
body of water surrounded by land.
symbolic representation of selected characteristics of a place, usually drawn on a flat surface.
landmass that forms as tectonic plates interact with each other.
geographic area protected by the national government of a country.
large stream of flowing fresh water.
political unit in a nation, such as the United States, Mexico, or Australia.
body of flowing water.
volcano capable of ejecting more than 1,000 cubic kilometers (240 cubic miles) of material.
depression in the Earth between hills.
an opening in the Earth's crust, through which lava, ash, and gases erupt, and also the cone built by eruptions.