1. Tangier Island is a small landmass in Chesapeake Bay, a large estuary on the East Coast of the United States. What state is Tangier Island a part of?

    • Answer

      Tangier Island is part of Virginia, abbreviated VA on the map.

  2. More than ten rivers empty into Chesapeake Bay. Which three are represented on the inset map?

    • Answer

      The inset map identifies the Potomac, Rappahannock, and James Rivers.

  3. Tangier Island is almost entirely surrounded by tidal flats, muddy areas that are covered by water during high tides. Where does the tidal flow that creates these "mudflats" originate?

    • Answer

      The strong tides of the Atlantic Ocean create the tidal flats of Tangier Island.

  4. Tangier Island is actually three tiny islands connected by tidal flats. Where is the largest expanse of tidal flats? What is the approximate distance of the longest stretch of this flat?

    • Answer

      The tidal flat connecting Tangier's eastern island with the main southern island is the area's largest. From the southern island's southern bay (where the New Testament Church, actually much farther inland, is identified) to the northwestern part of the eastern island is about a mile.

  5. The map's blue numbers are soundings, which record the depth of Chesapeake Bay at different points. Using these soundings, identify the deepest point surrounding Tangier Island.

    • Answer

      The entrance to Cod Harbor is eight feet deep, the deepest point in the bay surrounding Tangier Island.

Chesapeake Bay
Noun

large, shallow estuary of the Susquehanna and other rivers that flow through the U.S. states of Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New York and the capital of Washington, D.C., before emptying in the Atlantic Ocean.

East Coast
Noun

Atlantic coast of the United States.

Noun

mouth of a river where the river's current meets the sea's tide.

high tide
Noun

water level that has risen as a result of the moon's gravitational pull on the Earth.

Noun

body of land surrounded by water.

landmass
Noun

large area of land.

Noun

symbolic representation of selected characteristics of a place, usually drawn on a flat surface.

Noun

large stream of flowing fresh water.

sounding
Noun

measurement of the depth of a body of water in a specific area.

state
Noun

political unit in a nation, such as the United States, Mexico, or Australia.

tidal flat
Noun

coastal wetlands, often found within the intertidal zone, formed when mud is deposited by tides.