The Pony Express replaced the Butterfield Overland Mail Trail in 1860.

Map by Tim Gunther

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  • Studded with 153 stations, the Pony Express trail used 80 riders and between 400 and 500 horses to carry mail from the settled Midwest to the new state of California. Riders could deliver mail in just 10 days, compared to the three weeks traditional stagecoach delivery required. Riders would stop every 16 to 24 kilometers (10 to 15 miles) to hop onto a fresh horse at the four to six relay stations on their leg of the trail.

  • Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    Midwest Noun

    area of the United States consisting of the following states: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

    Pony Express Noun

    (1860-1861) mail route between Missouri and California.

    stagecoach Noun

    covered vehicle pulled by horses, used to transport people and cargo.

    state Noun

    political unit in a nation, such as the United States, Mexico, or Australia.