In an effort to protect Earth's biodiversity, different groups have designated certain places as protected areas.
Protected areas are marine and terrestrial spaces that include national parks, wilderness areas, community conserved areas, and nature reserves. A protected area is a clearly defined geographic space, which is recognized, dedicated, and managed to conserve its ecosystem.
These reserves also aid humans. Protected areas provide food, clean water, medicines, protection from natural disasters, and mitigations against damages from climate change.
Roughly 15 percent of the planet’s land and seven percent of its oceans are designated as a protected area. Protected areas are not stagnant, however, and are planned to be increased up to 30 percent by 2030 and 50 percent by 2050.
The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) is a global database of marine and terrestrial protected areas used by scientists, businesses, and governments to help inform policy decisions. This dataset was created as a joint project between the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the United Nations Environment Programme.
This map layer includes only the regions categorized as strictly protected areas (IUCN Categories I-IV). Some protected places may not be present based on the system their home country uses to classify them.
all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area.
gradual changes in all the interconnected weather elements on our planet.
full, wide-ranging, or inclusive.
to save or use wisely.
community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area.
breaking up an environment where an organism lives throughout the year or for shorter periods of time.
the reduction or destruction of an ecosystem, making it less able to support its native species.
environmental organization concerned with preserving natural ecosystems and habitats.
having to do with the ocean.
part of the ocean where no fishing, hunting, drilling, or other development is allowed.
process of becoming or making something milder and less severe.
geographic area protected by the national government of a country.
an event occurring naturally that has large-scale effects on the environment and people, such as a volcano, earthquake, or hurricane.
environment or ecosystem, usually without human development.
area where development projects are controlled or limited.
having to do with the Earth or dry land.
environment that has remained essentially undisturbed by human activity.
area set aside and protected by the government or other organization to maintain wildlife habitat. Also called a nature preserve.