The Amazon Basin is home to half of the world's tropical forests. These forests are home to an incredible diversity of plant and animal life. From the birds and bees of the forest canopy to the sloths and snakes beneath, the Amazon has a dazzling array of species . . . some of which remain undiscovered.
 
Visit our MapMaker Interactive geo-tour to uncover the richness of the Amazon rain forest. Be sure to click on the bookmarks for information on each map, and on markers for media and information on specific species. Use our markers and “save” features to customize the map as your own.
10 Animal Species Endemic to the Amazon Basin
These animals are only found in the Amazon River or one of its rain forest ecosystems.
    1. Caquetá tití monkey (Western Colombia) (critically endangered)
    2. hoary-throated spinetail bird (Brazil and Guyana) (critically endangered)
    3. pink-throated brilliant hummingbird (Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru) (vulnerable)
    4. fantastic poison frog (Northern Peru) (near-threatened)
    5. Amazon river dolphin (Amazon and Orinoco river basins) (insufficient data to assign a conservation status.)
    6. Amazon bamboo rat (Bolivia, Western Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru) (least concern)
    7. albina Suriname toad (French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname) (least concern)
    8. southern two-toed sloth (Northern Amazon Basin) (least concern)
    9. black spider monkey (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana) (vulnerable)
    10. black bearded saki (Northeastern Brazil) (critically endangered)
Noun

all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area.

brackish water
Noun

salty water, usually a mixture of seawater and freshwater.

buoyant
Adjective

capable of floating.

Noun

tactic that organisms use to disguise their appearance, usually to blend in with their surroundings.

canopy
Noun

one of the top layers of a forest, formed by the thick leaves of very tall trees.

Noun

all weather conditions for a given location over a period of time.

Noun

destruction or removal of forests and their undergrowth.

drainage basin
Noun

an entire river system or an area drained by a river and its tributaries. Also called a watershed.

Noun

period of greatly reduced precipitation.

Noun

community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area.

Noun

organism threatened with extinction.

endemic species
Noun

species that naturally occurs in only one area or region.

Noun

flat area alongside a stream or river that is subject to flooding.

Noun

environment where an organism lives throughout the year or for shorter periods of time.

liana
Noun

vine that takes root in the soil and winds around trees to the top of a forest canopy.

mammal
Noun

animal with hair that gives birth to live offspring. Female mammals produce milk to feed their offspring.

Noun

substance an organism needs for energy, growth, and life.

pollinate
Verb

to transfer pollen from one part of a flower (the anther) to another (the stigma).

Noun

area of tall, mostly evergreen trees and a high amount of rainfall.

Noun

solid material transported and deposited by water, ice, and wind.

Noun

small sediment particles.

species
Noun

group of similar organisms that can reproduce with each other.

topography
Noun

study of the shape of the surface features of an area.

tropical rain forest
Noun

grouping of tall evergreen trees, usually close to the Equator, which receives more than 203 centimeters (80 inches) of rain a year.

understory
Noun

ecosystem between the canopy and floor of a forest.

vegetation
Noun

all the plant life of a specific place.

Funder

Educational resources for this project funded by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the BIO Program at the Inter-American Development Bank.