Audience:The Amazon Basin is home to half of the world's tropical forests. These forests are home to an incredible diversity of plant and animal life. From the birds and bees of the forest canopy to the sloths and snakes beneath, the Amazon has a dazzling array of species . . . some of which remain undiscovered.Visit our MapMaker Interactive geo-tour to uncover the richness of the Amazon rain forest. Be sure to click on the bookmarks for information on each map, and on markers for media and information on specific species. Use our markers and “save” features to customize the map as your own.
10 Animal Species Endemic to the Amazon BasinThese animals are only found in the Amazon River or one of its rain forest ecosystems.
- Caquetá tití monkey (Western Colombia) (critically endangered)
- hoary-throated spinetail bird (Brazil and Guyana) (critically endangered)
- pink-throated brilliant hummingbird (Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru) (vulnerable)
- fantastic poison frog (Northern Peru) (near-threatened)
- Amazon river dolphin (Amazon and Orinoco river basins) (insufficient data to assign a conservation status.)
- Amazon bamboo rat (Bolivia, Western Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru) (least concern)
- albina Suriname toad (French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname) (least concern)
- southern two-toed sloth (Northern Amazon Basin) (least concern)
- black spider monkey (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana) (vulnerable)
- black bearded saki (Northeastern Brazil) (critically endangered)
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry biodiversity Noun
all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area.
Encyclopedic Entry: biodiversity brackish water Noun
salty water, usually a mixture of seawater and freshwater.
capable of floating.
tactic that organisms use to disguise their appearance, usually to blend in with their surroundings.
Encyclopedic Entry: camouflage canopy Noun
one of the top layers of a forest, formed by the thick leaves of very tall trees.
all weather conditions for a given location over a period of time.
Encyclopedic Entry: climate deforestation Noun
destruction or removal of forests and their undergrowth.
drainage basin Noun
an entire river system or an area drained by a river and its tributaries. Also called a watershed.
period of greatly reduced precipitation.
Encyclopedic Entry: drought ecosystem Noun
community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area.
Encyclopedic Entry: ecosystem endangered species Noun
organism threatened with extinction.
Encyclopedic Entry: endangered species endemic species Noun
species that naturally occurs in only one area or region.
flood plain Noun
flat area alongside a stream or river that is subject to flooding.
Encyclopedic Entry: flood plain habitat Noun
environment where an organism lives throughout the year or for shorter periods of time.
Encyclopedic Entry: habitat liana Noun
vine that takes root in the soil and winds around trees to the top of a forest canopy.
animal with hair that gives birth to live offspring. Female mammals produce milk to feed their offspring.
substance an organism needs for energy, growth, and life.
Encyclopedic Entry: nutrient pollinate Verb
to transfer pollen from one part of a flower (the anther) to another (the stigma).
rain forest Noun
area of tall, mostly evergreen trees and a high amount of rainfall.
Encyclopedic Entry: Rain forest sediment Noun
solid material transported and deposited by water, ice, and wind.
Encyclopedic Entry: sediment silt Noun
small sediment particles.
Encyclopedic Entry: silt species Noun
group of similar organisms that can reproduce with each other.
study of the shape of the surface features of an area.
tropical rain forest Noun
grouping of tall evergreen trees, usually close to the Equator, which receives more than 203 centimeters (80 inches) of rain a year.
ecosystem between the canopy and floor of a forest.
all the plant life of a specific place.